只差三步 你就能拥有一辆飞行汽车

2019-03-14 21:55

自从家用轿车诞生以来,无数的空想家或只是普通人,都曾在某个时刻期望着,将来可以拥有一辆飞在云端的汽车。而科幻作家、编剧与导演们,则负责在电影与小说中把这一份期盼变为“现实”。如今,飞行汽车真的来了!

2018年10月,中国汽车制造商吉利旗下的美国Terrafugia公司宣布,将于当月正式开放飞行汽车预订。当然,开发飞行汽车的并非只有吉利一家,很多企业甚至国家都在不断加大这一领域的相关投入。那么,你距离拥有一辆飞行汽车还有多远呢?

飞行汽车的“春秋战国”

自动驾驶方兴未艾,人工智能呼啸而来,现在,飞行汽车又在科技领域掀起了一阵热潮,成为智能交通发展的新焦点。随着飞行汽车的资本热度持续攀升,研发进程快速推进,其商业化前景也愈发被看好,成为各国竞相布局的产业高地。

一辆飞行汽车

日前,马来西亚企业家发展部部长表示,该国预计将于2019年向公众展示飞行汽车原型,“飞行汽车项目是马来西亚政府为激发人们思考新技术创造环境的一种方式”。他补充道,原型车现已准备就绪安全可靠,能够以合理的速度在低空飞行。

同样致力于在飞行汽车领域有所作为的还有日本。2018年8月,日本就公布了飞行汽车发展计划,项目合作伙伴囊括了波音、空客这两大航空巨头,以及日本国内的大和控股、斯巴鲁等主要企业。不仅如此,日本政府还决定,要在2019年实现飞行汽车试飞,2030年后实现交通出行功能。

与马来西亚、日本类似,阿联酋、新西兰和新加坡等国家也有发展、规范飞行汽车产业的意图。相比较之下,中国、美国等国家由于国土面积广大、空域管理复杂,在推动飞行汽车全面发展上显得更为谨慎一些。不过,中美两国的企业仍然试图在这一领域占据先行优势。

据媒体消息,美国波音公司的飞行汽车原型产品已经成功试飞,而中国的吉利、亿航等企业也已有建树。对此,英特尔无人机项目负责人阿尼尔·南杜里表示,未来五年内,飞行汽车或将出现在城市上空。实际上,普通民众对于飞行汽车的了解和兴趣也正日益加深。

距离普及还差关键三步

飞行汽车的发展不断提速,商业化落地进程也日益临近,少数人或许已经可以拥有一辆属于自己的飞行汽车了。但是对于多数人来说,飞行汽车仍然显得比较遥远,想要购买一辆也不太现实。究其原因,主要是在量产和规模化应用上存在着三大挑战:

一是法律法规限制。当前,科技领域发展日新月异,人工智能、无人驾驶、飞行汽车等新技术和新产品更是持续升温,在这样的情况下,现有法律法规已然显得滞后了。对于飞行汽车来说,其不同于以往的民航客机或是直升机,一旦投入规模化商用,势必要对低空空域和地面交通管理造成新的冲击,为此,亟需各国推动相关立法进程,完善监管与扶持政策。

二是市场价格高昂。在很多国家,一般的家用轿车尚未实现高度普及,更遑论飞行汽车了。由于飞行汽车尚处于发展初期,还没有实现大规模量产,在研发成本与制造成本高企的情况下,市场价格必然高昂,恐怕不是一般消费者可以承受的。但是如果不把价格控制到合理区间,那么飞行汽车的普及也就无从谈起。

三是安全问题犹存。作为新式交通工具,飞行汽车的主要应用场景还在于城市,而这也给城市空域安全带来了影响。目前,无人机的使用尚且日益严格,更别提体型更大的飞行汽车了。因此,飞行汽车要想成为城市交通体系中的一份子,还要在安全技术升级上继续下功夫,以此保障空域安全与公共安全,从而赢得监管部门与消费者的信任。

当然,除了上述挑战外,人才培养、噪声问题等也不容忽视。2019年,或是飞行汽车元年,但是距离商用普及,还有很多路要走。当主要挑战都被一一克服,那么你的飞行汽车梦将有望真正实现,而不是只能做一个旁观者。

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English version


Since the birth of the family car, countless daydreamers or just ordinary people have expected at some point that they can have a car flying in the clouds in the future. And sci-fi writers, screenwriters and directors are responsible for turning this expectation into "reality" in movies and novels. Today, the flying car is really coming!

In October 2018, Terrafugia, a US automaker Geely, announced that it will officially open a flight car reservation that month. Of course, it is not only the Geely family that develops flying cars. Many companies and even countries are increasing their investment in this field. So, how far are you from having a flying car?

Flying car's "Spring and Autumn Warring States"

Auto-driving is in the ascendant, artificial intelligence is whistling, and now, flying cars have set off a wave of technology in the field of technology, becoming a new focus of intelligent transportation development. As the capital heat of flying vehicles continues to rise, the R&D process is advancing rapidly, and its commercialization prospects are becoming more and more promising, becoming an industrial highland for countries to compete.

Recently, the Malaysian Entrepreneurship Development Minister said that the country is expected to show the prototype of the flying car to the public in 2019. "The flying car project is a way for the Malaysian government to create an environment for people to think about new technologies." He added that the prototype is now ready to be safe and reliable, capable of flying at low speeds at a reasonable speed.

Japan, which is also committed to making a difference in the field of flying cars. In August 2018, Japan announced the development plan for the flying car. The project partners included the two major aviation giants, Boeing and Airbus, as well as major companies such as Daiwa Holdings and Subaru in Japan. Not only that, but the Japanese government also decided to implement a flight test flight in 2019 and a traffic travel function after 2030.

Similar to Malaysia and Japan, countries such as the United Arab Emirates, New Zealand and Singapore also have the intention to develop and regulate the flying automobile industry. In contrast, countries such as China and the United States are more cautious in promoting the overall development of flying vehicles due to their large land area and complex airspace management. However, Chinese and American companies still try to take the lead in this area.

According to media reports, the Boeing Company’s prototype prototype of the flying car has been successfully tested, and China’s Geely and Yihang companies have also made achievements. In this regard, Intel UAV project leader Anil Nanduri said that in the next five years, flying cars will appear in the city. In fact, the general public's understanding and interest in flying cars is also deepening.

The distance is still poor, the key three steps

The development of flying cars is accelerating, and the commercialization process is approaching. A few people may already have a flying car of their own. But for most people, the flying car still looks far away, and it is not realistic to buy a car. The main reason is that there are three major challenges in mass production and scale application:

First, it is limited by laws and regulations. At present, the development of science and technology is changing with each passing day. New technologies and new products such as artificial intelligence, driverless vehicles and flying cars are continuing to heat up. Under such circumstances, existing laws and regulations are already lagging behind. For a flying car, it is different from the previous civil airliner or helicopter. Once it is put into large-scale commercialization, it is necessary to have a new impact on low-altitude airspace and ground traffic management. For this reason, it is urgent for countries to promote relevant legislative processes and improve supervision. And support policies.

Second, the market price is high. In many countries, the average family car has not yet achieved high popularity, let alone flying cars. Since the flying car is still in the early stage of development, mass production has not yet been achieved. In the case of high research and development costs and high manufacturing costs, the market price is inevitably high, which may not be affordable to the average consumer. But if you don't control the price to a reasonable range, then the popularity of flying cars will be impossible to talk about.

Third, security issues still exist. As a new type of vehicle, the main application scenario of a flying car is also in the city, which also has an impact on the safety of urban airspace. At present, the use of drones is still increasingly strict, not to mention the larger flying cars. Therefore, in order to become a part of the urban transportation system, the flying car must continue to work hard on safety technology upgrades to ensure airspace safety and public safety, thereby winning the trust of the regulatory authorities and consumers.

Of course, in addition to the above challenges, talent training, noise problems, etc. can not be ignored. In 2019, or the first year of flying a car, but there is still a lot to go from commercial popularity. When the main challenges are overcome, your dream of flying a car will be real, not just a bystander.

(文编译:飞行汽车 www.flycar.com.cn)


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