日本测试飞行器在空中停留1分钟,计划于2026年大规模生产

2019-08-10 18:32

近期,又有每台飞行汽车上天了!检测中,装配线四台飞机螺旋桨的四轴飞行器起先飞至上空(距地约3米),并在滞留约1分钟后回到到路面,这架被检测的飞行汽车由日本国电气公司(NEC Corp)和CART!VATOR合作开发,圆满得话,将于2026年上下刚开始规模性生产制造。

飞行汽车的定义日益突出,2019年6月,uber就在本年度高博主大会上公布,假如任何照方案开展,二零二三年,Uber Air飞行出租车将在达拉斯、纽约和悉尼起降,Uber可称之为最积极主动更改全世界交通出行布局的企业,距今2016年,该企业就公布了这份将近83页的市场研究报告,用于勾勒其大城市航空的计程车系统软件。

事实上,除开Uber那样的科技有限公司,靠着高新科技巨头的像Kitty Hawk,传统式航天工业大佬如空客,也有每家飞行汽车初创公司也都竞相进入,在其中有许多企业已发布了飞行汽车商品,航空汽车制造业一下子热热闹闹。

一、NEC检测飞行汽车 上空滞留1分鐘上下

据报导,日本国电气公司于前不久展现了一台装有4个飞机螺旋桨的载人飞行器。检测去日本电气公司坐落于日本东京近郊区Abiko的检测场所里开展,为安全性无误,为安全性无误,飞行汽车的升降机所有都会安全性笼中进行。检测全过程中,这架由充电电池做驱动力的四轴飞行器先升高至离路面约10千足金(3米)的地区,并半空中滞留了约1分钟后回到到路面,具体检测时,飞行汽车并沒有载人,依据英国金融时报报导,本次汇演为日本国电气公司第一批演试的部分。

检测中的飞行汽车形近“小飞象”

日本国电气公司和青年志愿者团队CART!VATOR合作开发了此次电影路演的主人公,据统计,检测用飞行汽车应用了复合材料增强塑料(CFRP),约重130kg,长3.2m,宽3.6m,高约1.3m,在外国媒体Engadget来看,若加上旅客的净重,那麼针对半空中安全性滞留,无论時间长度,都是是1个相当于大的磨练。

日本国电气公司对新闻记者表达,期待能在二零二三年保持运输物流的产品化,该企业“飞行汽车”项目经理冈田浩二(Kouji Okada)告诉记者,此次的实验将是“飞行汽车”迈向产品化的首先,以后,日本国电气公司还方案从实验航空中收集统计数据,进而为搭建运作智能管理系统做提前准备。

不过,日本电气公司并不打算把这架飞行汽车投入生产,打算量产飞行汽车的是日本电气集团的项目合作伙伴CART!VATOR,该社团计划在2026年实现飞行汽车的大规模生产,据报道,与他们的竞争对手比起来,受助于日本政府支持的日本电气公司和CART!VATOR或许更具优势,目前,CART!VATOR已获得户外飞行许可证,这意味着飞行汽车投入使用不会是说说而已。

二、CART!VATOR:79家公司支持的志愿者团体

虽然日前的飞行汽车测试,从过程来看并没有什么特别之处,但该项目有一件值得关注的事情,即准确来讲,研发这架飞行汽车的是两位“大佬”,除日本电气公司外,志愿者团体CART!VATOR的来头也不可小觑。

CART!VATOR资源管理(CART!VATOR Resource Management)于2018年和日本电气公司签订了合作协议,共同开发飞行汽车,CART!VATOR资源管理为一家管理志愿者组织活动的公司,但CART!VATOR资源管理背后的CART!VATOR本身是由一群来自汽车、航空工业及初创公司工作的年轻志愿者组成的社团,团队成员会在周末进行飞行汽车的开发,其成员目前已超过100人。

2012年9月份,中村(Nakamura)和朋友在商业竞赛KOREARATA中赢得一等奖,并由此成立了最初的CART!VATOR团队,CART!VATOR的名字有一处细节,根据官方说法,不使用“i”而是用“!”,是为了表达令他们感觉兴奋的体验。

CART!VATOR从2014年1月开始开发飞行汽车SkyDrive,6个月后,1/5比例的原型机模型成功试飞,到2017年9月份,CART!VATOR又推出了新的SkyDrive概念车型。

SkyDrive概念飞行汽车

SkyDrive

根据CART VATOR官方消息,该组织的目标是创造一个任何人都能在天空自由飞翔的世界,而实现这个愿景需要一款紧凑型的飞行汽车,CART!VATOR所研发的飞行汽车SkyDrive由电池驱动,长3.6米m 宽1.7m(飞行期间宽为3.1m),高约1.1m,其最大飞行速度将达到100公里/时,目标最大地面速度为60公里/时,目标飞行高度50m,将能搭载2名乘客,最大的起飞重量为400kg,CART!VATOR称,SkyDrive能从公共道路起飞,为世界上目前尺寸最小的飞行汽车。

2018年,CART!VATOR的成员组建了创业公司SkyDrive Inc,专注“飞行汽车”的开发、制造以及销售,从其主要团队成员看,丰田汽车在SkyDrive Inc中充当了重要的角色,SkyDrive公司的总裁与工程副总裁均来自于丰田汽车公司,其中总裁福泽友弘(Tomohiro Fukuzawa)在丰田公司负责汽车零部件的全球采购,山本健一(Kenichi Yamamoto)于2015年加入CART!VATOR,在丰田主要从事机器人开发的工作。

实际上,丰田也是CART!VATOR的赞助者之一,根据官方列表,CART!VATOR的企业支持者共有79家,除丰田、日本电气公司外,松下、电玩公司万代南梦宫(Bandai Namco)也名列其中。

按照CART!VATOR的规划,它将会在2019年9月进行载客飞行器的测试,2023年开始面向公众销售飞行汽车,同时,计划在2026年实现载客飞行汽车的大规模生产,此前,CART!VATOR已经与SkyDrive共同进行了无人机的试验。

三、政府加入飞行汽车布局 企业仍是研发主力军

目前,全球从事飞行汽车研发的公司远远超过十几家,除了多次出现在镜头前的Kitty Hawk,Lilium,Aeromobil,PAL-V,Uber,空客,亿航,公司创始人经常来中国“访问”的Terrafugia,还有Zee.Aero,Moller International,Volocopter等等公司,由此看来,飞行汽车成为日常交通工具飞入寻常百姓家,也并非遥不可及的事情。

整体而言,全球飞行汽车研发的主力军依旧是各家企业、公司,但是在飞行汽车落地和普及中,政府开始扮演更加重要的角色。据彭博社报道,按照政府的技术路线图,用飞行器送货在2023年左右就能够在日本变成现实,2030年代人们在日本城市里就可以乘坐飞行汽车旅行。错失电动车和叫车服务等技术进步后,日本政府希望成为飞行汽车领域的领导者,而除了日本,迪拜、新西兰和新加坡等国家曾表达过类似的意图。

飞行汽车研发和落地都在马不停蹄“进行中”,但是,还是存在一些问题,或将成为飞行汽车普及的拦路虎。

根据各家公司目前所设计的飞行器或产品计划,飞行汽车主要是用于解决个人中短途的交通问题,也就是说,主要为城市内的短程交通提供服务。从这个角度看,飞行汽车要真正飞上街头,除了需要在价格、政策以及安全性方面有所突破,也还要先妥善解决了垂直起降、电动化以及降噪等技术难题。

现有的飞行汽车多采用直升机的垂直起降方式,而众所周知,传统直升机在升降时会因螺旋桨切割空气而产生巨大噪声,Sustainable Aviation的首席执行官Brien Seely曾表示,要想在城市中部署飞行汽车,噪音首先便需降低到50分贝,不然便会对居民产生影响,但目前来看,电动飞行的噪音还是太高,就是只从日本电气公司的飞行汽车来看也是如此。

结束语:飞行汽车行业,我国游戏玩家在做什么?

航空汽车制造业热闹非凡,来源于我国的游戏玩家大自然都没有缺阵,无人飞机生产商亿航是中国航空汽车制造业的关键游戏玩家,2016年,亿航在CES上展览了每台可载客的无人飞机亿航184,2019年4月,其载客飞行汽车亿航AAV(Autonomous Aerial Vehicle)在奥地利维也纳进行了初次公布载客航空汇演,备受关心。而报载,除开亿航,牧羽航空公司的飞行汽车“红煞””也将9月份试飞。

飞行汽车落地式层面,我国则是先祖一歩,广州市与亿航签署战略合作协议,并从而变成空中交通试点城市。

只有,总体看来,比照全世界飞行汽车的产品研发及合理布局状况,中国航空汽车制造业间距产生经营规模還是有点间距。

English version

Recently, every flying car is in the sky! During the test, the four-axle aircraft of the assembly line four aircraft propellers first flew to the sky (about 3 meters from the ground) and returned to the road after about 1 minute of detention. The detected flying car was driven by the Japan National Electric Corporation (NEC). Corp) and CART!VATOR have cooperated and developed, and they will be able to start large-scale production in 2026.

The definition of flying vehicles has become increasingly prominent. In June 2019, Uber was announced at this year's Gaobo Main Conference. If any plan is carried out, Uber Air flight taxis will take off and land in Dallas, New York and Sydney in 2023. Uber can be called the most proactive company to change the world's traffic travel layout. In 2016, the company announced this nearly 83-page market research report to outline its metropolitan taxi system software.

In fact, apart from Uber Technology Co., Ltd., relying on high-tech giants like Kitty Hawk, traditional aerospace industry like Airbus, and every flying car startup company is also competing to enter, many of which have been released. With the flying car products, the aviation automobile manufacturing industry is full of enthusiasm.

First, the NEC detects the flying car and stays in the air for 1 minute.

According to reports, Nippon Electric Co., Ltd. recently demonstrated a manned aircraft equipped with four aircraft propellers. The test went to Japan Electric Co., Ltd., which was located in the inspection site of Abiko, a suburb of Tokyo, Japan. For safety reasons, safety is correct, and all the lifts of the flying car will be safely caged. During the whole process of testing, the four-axis aircraft driven by the rechargeable battery was first raised to an area of about 10 thousand gold (3 meters) from the road surface, and stayed in the air for about 1 minute and then returned to the road surface for specific inspection. At the time, the flying car did not carry people. According to the British Financial Times, this performance was part of the first batch of performances of the Japanese National Electric Company.

The flying car in the shape of the test is close to the "Little Flying Elephant"

Nippon Electric Co., Ltd. and the young volunteer team CART!VATOR have jointly developed the protagonist of the film roadshow. According to statistics, the test flying vehicle uses composite reinforced plastic (CFRP), weighing 130kg, 3.2m long and 3.6m wide. It is about 1.3m high. In the foreign media Engadget, if you add the net weight of the passengers, then the safety of staying in midair, regardless of the length of time, is an equivalent of a large hone.

Japan’s National Electric Company expressed its opinion to journalists and expects to maintain the productization of transportation logistics in 2023. Kouji Okada, the project manager of the company’s “flying car”, told reporters that the experiment will be “flying”. First of all, the Japanese electric company has also collected statistical data from experimental aviation, and then prepared for the establishment of an operational intelligent management system.

However, Nippon Electric Co., Ltd. does not intend to put the flying car into production. It is the CITA!VATOR project partner of the Japan Electric Group, which plans to mass-produce the flying car in 2026, according to Bloomberg. According to reports, compared with their competitors, Japan Electric Co., Ltd. and CART!VATOR, which are supported by the Japanese government, may have an advantage. Currently, CART!VATOR has obtained an outdoor flight permit, which means that the flying car will not be put into use. It’s just about it.

Second, CART! VATOR: Volunteer groups supported by 79 companies

Although there is nothing special about the flight test in the past, there is something to be concerned about in this project. Accurately speaking, the development of this flying car is the two "big brothers", except for Japan Electric. Outside the company, the volunteer group CART!VATOR is not too small.

CART!VATOR Resource Management (CART!VATOR Resource Management) signed a cooperation agreement with Japan Electric Corporation in 2018 to jointly develop a flying car. CART!VATOR Resource Management is a company that manages volunteer activities, but CART!VATOR resource management The CART!VATOR itself is a community of young volunteers working in the automotive, aerospace industry and startups. Team members develop flying cars on weekends and currently have more than 100 members.

In September 2012, Nakamura and friends won the first prize in the business competition KOREARATA, and the original CART!VATOR team was established. The name of CART!VATOR has a detail. According to the official statement, "i is not used." Instead, use "!" to express the experience that makes them feel excited.

CART!VATOR has been developing the flying car SkyDrive since January 2014. Six months later, the 1/5 scale prototype model was successfully tested. By September 2017, CART!VATOR has launched a new SkyDrive concept model.

SkyDrive

According to official CART VATOR news, the organization's goal is to create a world where anyone can fly freely in the sky. To achieve this vision, a compact flying car is needed. The flying car SkyDrive developed by CART!VATOR is battery-driven. It is 3.6 meters long and 1.7 meters wide (3.1m wide during flight), and has a height of about 1.1m. Its maximum flight speed will reach 100km/h. The maximum ground speed of the target is 60km/h and the target flying altitude is 50m. With 2 passengers, the maximum take-off weight is 400kg. According to CART!VATOR, SkyDrive can take off from public roads and is the smallest flying car in the world.

In 2018, members of CART!VATOR formed the startup SkyDrive Inc, focusing on the development, manufacturing and sales of “flying cars”. From the perspective of its main team members, Toyota played an important role in SkyDrive Inc., president of SkyDrive. And vice president of engineering are all from Toyota Motor Corporation, where President Tomohiro Fukuzawa is responsible for global procurement of auto parts at Toyota, Kenichi Yamamoto joined CART!VATOR in 2015, and is mainly engaged in robots at Toyota. Development work.

In fact, Toyota is also one of the sponsors of CART!VATOR. According to the official list, there are 79 corporate supporters of CART!VATOR. In addition to Toyota and Nippon Electric, Panasonic and video game company Bandai Namco also Listed among them.

According to the plan of CART!VATOR, it will test the passenger aircraft in September 2019, and begin to sell the flying car to the public in 2023. At the same time, it plans to realize the mass production of passenger flying cars in 2026. !VATOR has already tested the drone with SkyDrive.

Third, the government joined the flight car layout. The enterprise is still the main force of research and development.

At present, there are more than a dozen companies engaged in the development of flying vehicles worldwide, except for Kitty Hawk, Lilium, Aeromobil, PAL-V, Uber, Airbus, and Air China, which are frequently seen in front of the camera. Visiting Terrafugia, as well as Zee.Aero, Moller International, Volocopter, etc., it seems that flying cars become a daily means of transportation into the homes of ordinary people, and it is not out of reach.

On the whole, the main force in the development of global flying vehicles is still various companies and companies, but in the landing and popularization of flying cars, the government has begun to play a more important role. According to Bloomberg News, according to the government's technical roadmap, the delivery of aircraft can become a reality in Japan around 2023. In the 2030s, people can travel by car in Japan. After missing technological advances such as electric vehicles and car service, the Japanese government hopes to become a leader in the field of flying cars, and in addition to Japan, Dubai, New Zealand and Singapore have expressed similar intentions.

The development and landing of flying vehicles are “in progress”, but there are still some problems, or it will become a roadblock for the popularity of flying cars.

According to the aircraft or product plan currently designed by each company, the flying car is mainly used to solve short-distance traffic problems in individuals, that is, mainly to provide short-distance traffic within the city. From this point of view, in order to truly fly to the streets, in addition to the need to make breakthroughs in price, policy and safety, we must also properly solve the technical problems of vertical take-off and landing, electrification and noise reduction.

The existing flying vehicles mostly use the helicopter's vertical take-off and landing mode. As is known, traditional helicopters generate huge noise when the cranes cut and cut air. Sustainable Aviation CEO Brien Seely once said that if you want to deploy flights in the city. In the car, the noise needs to be reduced to 50 decibels first, otherwise it will affect the residents. However, at present, the noise of electric flight is still too high, which is also the case only from the Japanese electric company's flying car.

Conclusion: In the flying car industry, what are Chinese game players doing?

The aviation automobile manufacturing industry is very lively. The gamers from China are not missing. The unmanned aircraft manufacturer Yihang is a key game player in China's aviation automobile manufacturing industry. In 2016, Yihang exhibited each of them at CES. Passenger aircraft, UAV 184, in April 2019, its passenger flying vehicle AAV (Autonomous Aerial Vehicle) in Vienna, Austria, for the first time announced the passenger air show, has been concerned. In addition to the report, in addition to the opening of the billion airlines, Muyu Airlines' flying car "Red Dragonfly" will also test flight in September.

On the floor-standing level of flying vehicles, China is a ancestor. Guangzhou and Yihang signed a strategic cooperation agreement and became a pilot city for air traffic.

Only in general, compared with the research and development and rational layout of the products of the world's flying cars, the scale of the operation of China's aviation automobile manufacturing industry is still a little spacing.

(图/文编译:飞行汽车 http://www.flycar.com.cn/
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