飞行汽车的“新四化”

2019-11-30 18:56

从2009年3月,第一代Transition飞行汽车首飞取得成功至今,飞行汽车早已在众多國家的大城市空中留有它的背影。近年来,也是俩件值得一提的首飞新项目。其一是在2019年的8月5日,日本国电气公司(NEC)的飞行汽车在千叶县我孙子市取得成功半空中悬停一分钟;其二是10月24日,在马来西亚旅游圣地“滨海县湾”,Volocopter进行了一次将近三分钟的首飞。
比照左右2款飞行汽车,人们不难看出,Volocopter容积更小、更聚焦点于载客航空。而NEC的飞行汽车尽管对比上文所提及的Transition具有垂直起降的作用,但其仍停留在「传统式飞行汽车」的商品形状。

1573810937491.jpg更精确地说,NEC的飞行汽车归属于「传统式飞行汽车」向电动式垂直起降四轴飞行器(下称为“eVTOLs”)发展趋势的衔接分阶段商品。历经十年上下的发展趋势,业界早已基础达成协议,不用航空运动场的eVTOLs更能坦然应对将来拥挤的交通条件。
生产制造Transition飞行汽车的英国太力企业也在产品研发具有垂直起降作用的四轴飞行器生产制造Transition飞行汽车的英国太力企业也在产品研发具有垂直起降作用的四轴飞行器
另一方面,无人驾驶技术性也被广泛当作是飞行汽车最后可以完全颠复人们交通出行的关键标准之一。就现阶段来讲,即便是Volocopter主打产品的四轴飞行器也仍必须人工服务实际操作,这代表大家要想开着飞行汽车外出,不但要有汽车驾照,也要另外有着飞行执照。换句话说,飞行汽车在很长一段时间内只有为一小部分人出示服务项目。
但是喜讯是,因为飞行汽车载客航空是在一条固定不动航道上开展,与图森货车在港口物流或者百度搜索阿波龙在海淀公园等封闭式自然环境下开展自动驾驶的个人行为相相近,因此它可以比小车迅速的保持彻底无人驾驶。实际上,上文提及的与广州市政府战略合作的亿航采用的就是说无人驾驶线路。
据统计,亿航的载客级无人驾驶四轴飞行器(AAV)可彻底根据路面的无人飞机指挥调度系统管理中心操纵,不用旅客再开展一切实际操作。另外亿航还表达,这类新式的交通出行方法让本来驾车三十分钟的行程安排减少至三分钟之内,需要的花费也将与的士价僵持平。值得一提的是,亿航还涉及到无人飞机货运物流行业,其落地式方法一样令人眼前一亮。
交通出行速度快、花费低价位并且还不用自身安全驾驶,在车云菌能想起的大城市交通出行中,它是更为高效率而方便快捷的了。不言而喻的是,假如亿航的的企业愿景足以保持,那麼其将在目前大幅度改进广州市槽糕的交通堵塞状况。假如去到很远的将来,飞行汽车定义将以如何的形状落地式呢?
在上年的日内瓦车展上,奥迪车展现的一款名叫Pop.Up NEXT的航空定义小车为人们出示了想像的室内空间。这个航空概念跑车较大的特性取决于其具有模块化设计特性,三个控制模块各自是航空控制模块、胶襄乘客舱和底盘控制模块。当今二者组成在一起时,它就转换来到“手机飞行模式”;当后二者组成在一起时,则是进到到“陆上方式”。
想像一下,将来如果你必须交通出行服务项目、用手机上APP进行预定后,不久充完电的底盘控制模块在路面生产调度中心与胶襄乘客舱融合,并在承诺的時间抵达特定地址。你踏入驾驶舱内,与手机语音助手言谈举止欢歌笑语间不经意间就到达了大城市管理中心。
然后开展了一天工作中的你再度叫了一台Pop.Up NEXT,这时候因为车流量很大,在数据冗余時间开展自动驾驶运输物流的航空控制模块也都派出,他们迅速进到大城市管理中心并带去了一个又一个胶襄乘客舱。此外,太阳光落山的地区,在大城市与城市往返运行的飞行汽车也慢慢抵达了大城市界限。
总得来说,飞行汽车的落地式形状历经了从第一代Transition「传统式飞行汽车」,到eVTOLs电动式垂直起降四轴飞行器,再到亿航的载客级无人驾驶四轴飞行器,最终到Pop.Up NEXT的航空定义小车的发展趋势环节。在车云菌来看,实用化、轻量、自动化技术和模块化设计跻身飞行汽车的“新四化”。

英文版

English version

Since the first flight of the first-generation Transition flying car was successfully completed in March 2009, the flying car has already left its back in the air of large cities in many countries. In recent years, it is also worth mentioning two new first flight projects. First, on August 5, 2019, NEC ’s flying car was successfully hovering in the air for one minute in Our Grand City, Chiba Prefecture. Second, on October 24, it was a tourist destination in Malaysia. "Binhai County Bay", Volocopter made its first flight in nearly three minutes.
Compared with the two flying cars on the left and right, it is not difficult to see that the Volocopter is smaller and more focused on passenger aviation. Although NEC's flying car has a vertical take-off and landing effect compared to the transition mentioned above, it still stays in the shape of a "traditional flying car".
To be more precise, NEC's flying cars belong to the staged commodity linking the development trend of "traditional flying cars" to electric vertical take-off and landing quadcopters (hereinafter referred to as "eVTOLs"). After ten years of development, the industry has basically reached an agreement, and eVTOLs without aviation stadiums can more easily cope with the congested traffic conditions in the future.
British Taili company producing Transition flying car is also developing four-axis aircraft with vertical take-off and landing. British Taili company producing transition flying car is also developing four-axis aircraft with vertical taking-off and landing.
On the other hand, unmanned technology is also widely regarded as one of the key standards that flying cars can completely upend people's transportation. At this stage, even the four-axis aircraft of Volocopter's main product must still be manually serviced for actual operation, which means that if you want to drive a flying car to go out, you must not only have a car driver ’s license, but also have another flight license. In other words, flying cars only show service items to a small number of people for a long time.
But the good news is that because flying car passenger aviation is carried out on a fixed channel, similar to the personal behavior of Tucson trucks carrying out autonomous driving in closed natural environments such as Haidian Park in port logistics or Baidu search Apollon, Therefore, it can be completely unmanned faster than a car. In fact, the above-mentioned strategic cooperation of Ehang with the Guangzhou Municipal Government uses unmanned lines.
According to statistics, EHang ’s passenger-class unmanned quadcopter (AAV) can be completely controlled by the unmanned aircraft command and dispatch system management center on the road, without the need for passengers to carry out all practical operations. In addition, EHang also said that this new type of transportation method will reduce the original 30-minute driving schedule to less than three minutes, and the required cost will be at par with the taxi price. It is worth mentioning that EHang is also involved in the unmanned air cargo logistics industry, and its floor-to-ceiling approach is equally impressive.
Traffic travel is fast, costs low, and you don't need to drive safely yourself. It is more efficient and convenient in the transportation of big cities that can be remembered by car cloud bacteria. It is self-evident that if EHang's corporate vision is sufficient to maintain, then it will significantly improve the traffic congestion in Guangzhou. If it goes to a very far future, what shape will the flying car definition fall into?
At the Geneva Motor Show last year, an aero-defined car called Pop.Up NEXT presented by Audi showed the imaginary interior space for people. The larger features of this aero concept sports car depend on its modular design. The three control modules are the aviation control module, the rubber passenger compartment and the chassis control module. Today, when the two are combined, it switches to the "mobile phone flight mode"; when the latter two are combined, it goes to the "land mode".
Imagine that in the future, if you have to travel service projects and make reservations with the APP on your mobile phone, the chassis control module that is fully charged will be integrated with the Jiaoxiang passenger cabin at the pavement production dispatch center and arrive at a specific address at the promised time. You step into the cockpit, talk to your mobile voice assistant, sing and laugh, and inadvertently arrive at the big city management center.
Then during the work day, you called a Pop.Up NEXT again. At this time, because of the large traffic volume, the aviation control modules that carry out the autonomous driving transportation logistics during the data redundancy time were also sent. They quickly entered the The city management center also took one after another passenger capsules. In addition, in the areas where the sun is falling, flying cars that travel between big cities and cities also slowly reach the boundaries of big cities.
In summary, the flying shape of the flying car has gone from the first-generation Transition "conventional flying car" to the eVTOLs electric vertical take-off and landing quadcopter, to the passenger-class unmanned quadcopter of EHang. Finally, the development trend link of Pop. Up NEXT's aviation-defined car. From the perspective of car cloud bacteria, practicality, light weight, automation technology and modular design rank among the "new four modernizations" of flying cars.

(图/文编译:飞行汽车 http://www.flycar.com.cn/)
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