飞行汽车航线审批与安全性

2019-12-01 18:56

有别于路面和城市轨道,车子全是在相对性固定不动的公路网行车,抵达到达站。在天上中看起来广阔无垠能随意航空,实际上上空有三条航空航道,并且人或单位对航空方案都必须历经申请办理获准才可以航空。在其中,包含是什么样人飞、用哪种飞机飞行、联系方式、航空的刚开始完毕時间、起降着陆和预留飞机场等都必须在材料中表明。换句话说,真如想像中碰到拥堵立即飞往到达站,還是想一想就行。
飞行汽车改进耗能
毫无疑问,飞机场的重量和汽柴油耗费都非常高,一架空客777-200飞机场的三个汽车油箱一共装进171200升汽柴油,仅是然料净重达137.5吨。品质越大耗油量当然越多大,如双引擎的737、A320每钟头耗油量大概在3-4吨航空煤油。

飞行车

可是做为自身应用的四轴飞行器,假若汽柴油成本费这般之重得话,就算是买起的人群也不一定确实就可用得起。因而驱动力一部分挑选选用混合动力或纯电动车,可是以现阶段三电技术性的水准和成本费,要适用飞行汽车一定间距内的航空和地面行车,最少在电池充电的方面而言,好像還是一些难度系数。
而且,飞行汽车的安全系数现在还没有确立的规范可点评。如英国的空管局FAA,针对四轴飞行器的验证步骤非常严苛,時间大概必须3-4年不一。从原型机到每一项硬件软件的主要参数,设计方案规定和怎样去检测,都必须FAA的审批。换句话说,并不是单纯性发布一个制成品就能够得到审核,只是必须从设计方案到实验的全过程的每个关键点,都必须历经审核。
而且,包含直升机停机坪的基本建设、怎样填补电力能源和电池充电等层面的一部分,并沒有甚为健全的解决方法。怎样提升飞行汽车在有效载荷层面的主要表现才算是整治交通出行的重要,换句话说,提升四轴飞行器每一次所配用的总数,是飞行汽车必须处理的难题。要想看到飞行汽车可以解决运送的难题,来看還是要等一段非常长的時间才会保持。

英文版

English version

Unlike roads and urban tracks, cars are all driven on a relatively fixed road network and arrive at the arrival station. It seems vast in the sky and ca n’t fly at will. In fact, there are three airways over the sky, and people or units must go through the application for approval before they can fly. Among them, including what kind of person to fly, which type of aircraft to fly, contact information, the time when the aviation has just started, landing, landing, and reserved airfields must be indicated in the materials. In other words, if you encounter congestion in your imagination and immediately fly to the arrival station, just think about it.
Flying cars improve energy consumption
There is no doubt that the weight of the airport and the cost of gasoline and diesel are very high. The three car fuel tanks of an Airbus 777-200 airport are filled with a total of 171200 liters of gasoline and diesel, but the net weight of the material is 137.5 tons. The higher the quality, the greater the fuel consumption. For example, the twin-engine 737 and A320 consume about 3-4 tons of aviation kerosene per hour.
However, as a quadcopter for its own application, if the cost of gasoline and diesel is so heavy, even the people who buy it may not be really available. Therefore, a part of the driving force is selected to use hybrid or pure electric vehicles. However, at the current stage, the technical level and cost of Sandian are applicable to aviation and ground driving within a certain distance of flying cars. At least in terms of battery charging, it seems that it is still Some difficulty factors.
Moreover, the safety factor of flying cars has not yet been established to comment. For example, the FAA of the United Kingdom, the verification procedures for quadcopters are very strict, and the time must be different from 3-4 years. From the prototype to the main parameters of each piece of hardware and software, the design plan requirements and how to test must be approved by the FAA. In other words, it is not simply to issue a finished product to be audited, but every key point in the entire process from the design proposal to the experiment must be reviewed.
In addition, there is no sound solution to the basic construction of the helipad, how to fill in the electrical energy and battery charging and other aspects. How to improve the main performance of flying cars at the payload level is considered to be important in regulating traffic. In other words, increasing the total number of quad-axis aircraft each time is a problem that flying cars must deal with. If you want to see the flying car solve the transportation problem, you still have to wait a very long time.

(图/文编译:飞行汽车 http://www.flycar.com.cn/)
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