世界首辆飞行汽车,你知道这些数字的含义吗?

2019-12-07 16:41

20新世纪40时代,小车和航空公司技术性快速发展趋势起來,福特汽车公司创办人亨利·福特汽车曾胆大預言“飞行汽车终究会出現”。阔别一个半多新世纪,这一預言总算保持。

据报导,这个名叫“先峰本人陆空小车”(Pioneer Personal Air Landing Vehicle)由西班牙PAL-V汽车集团研发,现阶段早已进到大批量生产环节,预估2021年宣布投入市场。

实际上,早就在1999年刚开始这个企业就早已下手产品研发这个朝向大家的飞行汽车,并在2006年初次发布了概念跑车,到今日的第一次亮相,恰好20周年纪念。

有关该辆飞行汽车,我们一起以一组大数字来形象化的体会下“从陆上到高处”的与众不同安全驾驶感受。

飞行汽车

59.9万美金

这个“先峰本人陆空小车”现阶段已接纳预订,当今订购价为59.9万美金,折合人民币420万余元。而据产品研发这款飞行汽车的专家建议,这个车致力于大家设计方案,总体目标顾客是饱受拥堵困惑的工薪族。

依照2019年数据分析组织WorldData发布的2018年世界各国区均值年薪看来,就算是排名第一的地域摩纳哥,也必须三年多的時间才能够选购这个飞行汽车,这还不包含衣食住行成本费。

依据中国统计局最新消息信息,上海市2018年住户平均人均收入超过64183元,稳居全国性第一。这代表选购这个飞行汽车必须七十年的時间。

很显而易见,这个飞行汽车当今总体目标群体并非大家。

2人

这个飞行汽车现阶段仅能够2人乘座,驾驶员除开获得本地合理合法驾照以外,还必须另外有着航空资格证书。针对已有着汽车驾照的人而言,只要花10到20钟头的学习培训就能获得一张业余组航空资格证书,那样来看驾驶员门坎的精准定位确实是大家。

1.25万英尺

驾驶员能够安全驾驶飞行汽车在1.25万英尺(3800米)的高处范围之内开展航空。民用航空飞机场一般在对流层顶端或平流层底端航空,高宽比在3万英尺(1万米)上下,针对飞行汽车的安全驾驶要求而言,这一飞行高度气旋是稳定的。

230大马力

“先峰本人陆空小车”的输出功率为230hp,配置一个四缸发动机。1大马力能够在60秒内把一个等于成人净重的物品提高60米。

大众途锐的输出功率是400大马力上下,在一档的那时候能够拖拽中小型的像空客747那般的民航客机。重型坦克一般也就1000大马力,跑的最大速率很慢却能够爬挺大的坡。工程车辆得话大约也就是说这一级別的输出功率,但在低速档挡时的能量是十分大的。

1500磅

这款飞行汽车车体由碳纤维和钛铝合金型材原材料做成,全车重1500磅(0.68吨),而一切正常小车一般在1.5吨上下,正因如此该辆飞行汽车并沒有想像的那麼重。

8秒

在陆上可以在8秒内从静止不动加快到车速60公里(97km/h),迅速于一切正常小汽车。现阶段全世界破百最快的车型是兰博基尼SF90 Stradale,只必须2.5秒。

100公里/h,750公里

这个“飞行汽车”应用车用汽油,地面安全驾驶最大车速达到100公里(160km/h),地面行车比较远达到750公里(1207km)。但从陆上安全驾驶看来,其并无很大优点。

10分鐘

该小车能够在10分鐘内从三轮汽车变作为旋翼机。

540英寸

这款飞行汽车必须540英寸(160m)长的起降运动场,没法开展竖直起降,这对比直升飞机来讲稍显愚钝。

200公里/h,310公里

航空最大车速达到200公里(321km/h),上空航空比较远达到750公里(500km),大约是从北京到上海间距的一半。

100英寸

100英寸(30m)的着陆运动场,一样没法竖直着陆,这都是和直升飞机对比的缺点。

四年

PAL-V汽车集团的CEO罗伯特·丁格曼斯(Robert Dingemanse)表达,历经四年艰难科技攻关,研发部门摆脱了技术性和品质挑戰,生产制造出合乎目前检测标准和全球化通用安全驾驶标准的飞行汽车。丁格曼斯表达,相相对而言,现阶段竞争者已经产品研发的飞行汽车还是处于定义环节。

150个钟头

据报导,PAL-V飞行汽车原厂后,要亲身经历最少150个钟头的航空检测,根据严苛的监测,才可以得到欧州航空公司监督局(EASA)授予的资格证书。

丁格曼斯表达,PAL-V并不是直升飞机,只是旋翼机。直升飞机的飞机螺旋桨必须动力系统驱动器,而旋翼机飞机螺旋桨借助气旋促进,因而更像滑翔衣。据了解,即便小车的2个柴油发动机不灵,PAL-V的飞机螺旋桨仍然可以旋转。

结束语

实际上,除开西班牙PAL-V汽车集团研发“先峰本人陆空小车”外,intel、斯洛伐克新成立公司AeroMobil在先前都曾展现过自己飞行汽车的神密面具。

外电报道最新动态,斯洛伐克新成立公司AeroMobil于本周四(12月5日)也对外开放展现了自己收付款飞行汽车AeroMobil Flying Car。该企业表达,这个飞行汽车已搞好接纳预订的提前准备,并预估在2020年交付。2018年1月9日,intel在CES公布了全世界第一架纯电动车二座直升飞机Volocopter。它实质上就是说一辆飞行汽车,被构想、设计方案和生产制造成第一批没有人上空的士之一。

而在中国,好意头曾于2017年11月公布回收英国飞行汽车企业Terrafugia。2018每年10月,好意头公布第一代商品Transition的预订工作中,将于2019年公布,早期关键对于国外市场。眼见2020年的钟响将要敲开,好意头李书福的飞行汽车梦大几率将会要沉没了。

眼底下,汽车工业下滑全过程中,大量资产涌进的无人驾驶汽车还未见到明亮的市场前景,飞行汽车发展前途究竟怎么样?

针对这个“先峰本人陆空小车”,最先要对西班牙PAL-V汽车集团表达充足的重视。就算是针对一家一般企业来讲,生存20年自身就并不是一件一件容易的事情,更何况是对飞行汽车这一新项目不断20年的产品研发,最能体现其匠人精神。

返回车自身,最少在当今,飞行汽车沒有过多的商业使用价值。

针对本人顾客来讲,现阶段只能家里“有矿”的顾客才将会会造成选购冲动。选购后的交通出行又是不是可以配对本地的航空管控?

针对产业链,假如该飞行汽车适用的乘坐人可以大量,那在抢救诊疗行业将会会有较为普遍的运用。可是现阶段的抢救诊疗交通出行,诊疗直升机救援引证早已非常完善,特别是在是在欧洲及北美地区,与之对比又有哪些优点呢?

针对社会科学探寻或是做为度假旅游消費新项目,反是一个非常好的挑选。

英文版

English version

In the 1940s of the 20th century, the rapid technological development of automobiles and airlines started. Henry Ford, the founder of Ford Motor Company, had boldly predicted that "flying cars will eventually appear." Farewell for more than one and a half years in the new century, this prophecy finally holds.

According to Reuters, the Pioneer Personal Air Landing Vehicle was developed by Spain's PAL-V Automobile Group. It has already entered mass production at this stage and is expected to be announced in 2021.

In fact, as early as 1999, this company has already begun to develop product-oriented flying cars for everyone. It also released the concept sports car for the first time in 2006, and its first appearance today is exactly the 20th anniversary.

Regarding this flying car, let's visualize the distinctive safe driving experience of "from land to height" with a large set of numbers.

$ 599,000

This "Xianfeng My Land-Air Car" has been accepted for reservation at this stage. The current order price is 599,000 US dollars, equivalent to more than 4.2 million yuan. According to the product development experts' recommendations, this flying car is dedicated to everyone's design, and the overall target customer is a congested wage earner.

According to the 2018 annual average salaries of countries around the world released by the 2019 data analysis organization WorldData.info, even the number one regional Monaco, it must take more than three years to be able to purchase this flying car. This does not include Cost of food, clothing and transportation.

According to the latest information from the China Bureau of Statistics, Shanghai's average per capita income in 2018 exceeded 64183 yuan, ranking first in the country. This means that it takes 70 years to buy this flying car.

Obviously, the overall target group of this flying car today is not everyone.

2 people

This flying car can only seat two people at this stage. In addition to obtaining a reasonable local legal driving license, the pilot must also have an aviation qualification certificate. For those who already have a car license, as long as it takes 10 to 20 hours of training to get an amateur aviation qualification certificate, then the precise positioning of the driver ’s threshold is indeed everyone.

125,000 feet

The pilot can safely fly a flying car at an altitude of 125,000 feet (3,800 meters). Civil aviation airports generally fly at the top of the troposphere or at the bottom of the stratosphere. The aspect ratio is above and below 30,000 feet (10,000 meters). For the safe driving requirements of flying cars, this flying altitude cyclone is stable.

230 hp

The "Xianfeng My Land-Air Car" has an output of 230hp and is equipped with a four-cylinder engine. 1 horsepower can raise an object equal to the adult's net weight by 60 meters in 60 seconds.

The output power of the Volkswagen Touareg is 400 hp, and it can tow small and medium-sized civil airliners like the Airbus 747 in the first gear. Heavy tanks generally have 1000 horsepower, and the maximum speed is very slow but they can climb quite large slopes. Engineering vehicles have about this level of output power, but the energy in the low gear is very large.

1500 pounds

The body of this flying car is made of carbon fiber and titanium aluminum alloy materials. The whole vehicle weighs 1500 pounds (0.68 tons), and all normal cars are generally around 1.5 tons. Because of this, the flying car is not as heavy as expected. .

8 seconds

On land, it can accelerate from stationary to 60 km (97 km / h) in 8 seconds, which is faster than all normal cars. At this stage, the world's fastest 100 car is the Lamborghini SF90 Stradale, which only takes 2.5 seconds.

100 km / h, 750 km

This "flying car" uses gasoline for vehicles. The maximum safe driving speed on the ground is 100 kilometers (160km / h), and the ground driving distance is relatively 750 kilometers (1207km). But from the perspective of safe driving on land, it has no great advantages.

10 minutes

The car can change from a three-wheeled car to a rotorcraft in 10 minutes.

540 inches

This flying car must have a 540-inch (160m) take-off and landing field, and it cannot perform vertical take-off and landing, which is slightly dull compared to a helicopter.

200 km / h, 310 km

The maximum speed of aviation can reach 200 kilometers (321km / h), and the aerial aviation can reach 750 kilometers (500km), which is about half the distance from Beijing to Shanghai.

100 inches

The 100-inch (30m) landing sports ground is also unable to land vertically, which is a disadvantage compared with helicopters.

Four years

Robert Dingemanse, the CEO of PAL-V Automotive Group, stated that after four years of difficult scientific and technological research, the R & D department got rid of technical and quality challenges, and produced products that meet current testing standards and global universal safe driving standards. Flying cars. Dingmans expressed that, relatively speaking, flying cars that competitors have already developed products are still in the definition stage.

150 hours

According to reports, after the original PAL-V flying car factory, it is necessary to personally undergo at least 150 hours of aviation inspection, and according to strict monitoring, can obtain the qualification certificate granted by the European Airlines Supervision Agency (EASA).

Dingmans said that the PAL-V is not a helicopter, but a rotorcraft. Helicopter aircraft propellers must have power system drives, while rotorcraft aircraft propellers are promoted by cyclones and are therefore more like gliders. It is understood that even if the two diesel engines of the car fail, the PAL-V aircraft propeller can still rotate.

Concluding remarks

In fact, in addition to the Spanish PAL-V Automobile Group's research and development of the "Xianfeng own land and air car", Intel, Slovakia's newly established company AeroMobil, have previously shown the secret mask of their flying cars.

Foreign News reported the latest developments. Slovakia's newly established company AeroMobil also opened its own collection and payment flying car AeroMobil Flying Car on Thursday (December 5). The company stated that the flying car is well prepared for accepting reservations and is expected to be delivered in 2020. On January 9, 2018, Intel announced the Volocopter, the world's first pure electric vehicle two-seater helicopter, at CES. It is essentially a flying car that was conceived, designed, and manufactured into one of the first unmanned taxis.

In China, Good intentions announced in November 2017 the recall of British flying car company Terrafugia. In October of each year in 2018, the first-generation merchandise transition is being pre-ordered, and it will be announced in 2019. The early stage is critical for foreign markets. Seeing the bell ringing in 2020, Li Shufu's dream of flying cars will be sunk.

At the moment, during the entire process of the decline of the automotive industry, a lot of assets have poured into the driverless cars, but they have not seen a bright market prospect. What is the future of flying cars?

In response to this "Xianfeng's own land and air car", it is necessary to express sufficient attention to the Spanish PAL-V Automobile Group. Even for a general company, it is not an easy task to survive for 20 years, let alone 20 years of product research and development on the new project of flying cars, which best reflects its craftsmanship.

Returning to the car itself, at least today, flying cars don't have much commercial value.

As far as my customers are concerned, at the present stage, only customers with "mines" in their homes will cause buying impulse. Can the transportation after purchase be matched with local aviation control?

Aiming at the industrial chain, if a large number of passengers are suitable for this flying car, it will be more commonly used in the rescue diagnosis and treatment industry. However, at the current stage of rescue diagnosis and treatment transportation, the diagnosis and treatment helicopter rescue citations have already been perfected, especially in Europe and North America. What are the advantages compared with this?

It is a very good choice for social science exploration or a new project for holiday tourism consumption.

(图/文编译:飞行汽车 http://www.flycar.com.cn/)

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