飞行汽车是玩概念,还是真实未来?飞行汽车如何玩转百亿市场?

2019-12-30 18:45

做为一种平时代步车,小车早已踏入了万干家中,但大家一直沒有终止对小车的更新改善。继新能源车、无人驾驶汽车以后,愈来愈多的生产商又刚开始看准飞行汽车。
据美报导,该产业链跑道的企业或将吸引住打破记录水准的风投,数百万美元的投资人也将从陆上运输新成立公司撤出,转为飞行汽车。
预购价上百万发展、新老派生产商令其出场,飞行汽车怎样轻松玩百亿元销售市场?
飞行汽车早已有之,将来百亿元销售市场轻轻松松
依据最新动态,现代汽车还要涉足飞行汽车销售市场,公布将于2020年CES展销会上发布定义版车系,造成了许多人的关心。
什么叫飞行汽车?现阶段业内都还没得出确立的界定,从字面上含意看来,说白了的“飞行汽车”是可以在一定高宽比航空的小车。从近些年的状况看来,飞行汽车销售市场早已造成了生产商和资产的关心,包含腾迅、Google、Uber、空客、空客等及其一些兴盛公司均对这一销售市场志在必得。而追本溯源,“飞行汽车”也算不上一个新物品,大家对它的探寻也早已拥有100很多年。
全世界第一辆“飞行汽车”问世于1917年,由英国技术工程师GlennHammondCurtis打造出,名叫“Autoplane”,车体用铝合金型材材料打造出,若想开展航空,车体则必须在库房与飞机翼开展拼装。可是的是,Autoplane并沒有可以真实飞起來,仅仅保持了短暂性的航空式弹跳。
预购价上百万发展、新老派生产商令其出场,飞行汽车怎样轻松玩百亿元销售市场?
尽管第一辆飞行汽车并非很取得成功,但也为后来者启迪了构思。GlennHammondCurtis以后,在1937年、1945年和1947年,外国人WaldoWaterman等平均对外开放发布了飞行汽车,乃至设立公司、接纳股权融资,殊不知由于缺乏相对许可证书、原材料受到限制、首飞失事等要素,这种飞行汽车新项目均以不成功结束的。
時间拖到千禧年周边,以PAL-V小车为意味着的一批企业再度将飞行汽车带到业内视野。发展趋势迄今,新一波的飞行汽车时尚潮流早已亲身经历了20年的時间。有别于往日,本次飞行汽车的盛行造成了多方面的关心,上到政府部门下到公司均给与了不一样水平、不一样层面的适用。
以英国怀俄明州为例,其前州长马特·米德就曾于2019年11月邀约200多位航空公司实业家,举办了一场密秘高峰会,目地只能一个:吸引住一大批人喜爱上飞行汽车,并觉得它将更改大家的生活习惯。又例如迈阿密的一家房地产商,公布方案将派拉蒙迈阿密世界中心的天文台更新改造成飞行汽车海港,供将来的飞行汽车起落。
目前,无人驾驶汽车、新能源车的市场容量早已下不来千亿美元,飞行汽车又怎样呢?根据德勤公布的《挪动交通出行之将来飞行汽车》汇报中预测分析,2040年仅国外市场经营规模就将超过170亿美金,全世界销售市场可见一斑。
入局者渐多,飞行汽车游戏玩法多种多样
前边说到,愈来愈多的企业看上了飞行汽车销售市场,这在其中各企业的特性是有差别的,而在适用飞行汽车层面,方式都是不一样的。
资产序列:腾迅、intel、Google创始人拉里·佩琦等;
传统式公司序列:空客、空客、好意头、戴姆勒、丰田汽车、当代等;
兴盛公司序列:Uber、亿航、AeroMobil等。
在其中,例如吉利收购的Terrafugia,及其PAL-V小车、AeroMobil等企业早已陆续在2019年起动了飞行汽车商品的预购,更快将于2020年就能交货。言则吸钱工作能力,飞行汽车行业的总计融资金额早已达到数十亿美元。

亿航飞行汽车

若从商品的形状来区别,当今业界所产品研发的飞行汽车关键有几大类型:
·陆空双用类
意味着生产商:吉利、PAL-V小车、AeroMobil等。
这一类飞行汽车的特点取决于既可以做为小车在大街上新款奔驰,也可以超级变身飞机场在天上展翅翱翔。有别于最开始不成功的这些新项目,最新消息形状的陆空双用类飞行汽车并非简易地将小车与飞机翼以模块化设计的方法拼凑在一起,只是将飞机翼以伸缩的款式安裝在车的身上。到时候,当飞行汽车要想航空时,能够 在十多分钟,乃至几十秒内屈伸飞机翼,随后刚开始航空。
特别注意的是,这种飞行汽车在起降和着陆全过程中通常必须依靠运动场,仅有极少数厂商会试着将电动式垂直起降技术性(eVTOL)运用到飞行汽车上。对于驱动力层面,电油混和是大部分生产商的挑选。此外以便减少承载能力以降低能耗,生产商在打造出车体时都是多选用碳纤维、钛铝合金型材等原材料。
预购价上百万发展、新老派生产商令其出场,飞行汽车怎样轻松玩百亿元销售市场?
·单一作用类
意味着生产商:Uber、Lilium、亿航等。
这种飞行汽车的核心理念多启迪于eVTOL技术性,从形状上看来,将他们称之为“(载客)无人飞机”也许更加品牌形象。
实际结构上,单一作用类飞行汽车多配置多旋翼设备,或者在固定翼上配置好几个飞机螺旋桨,从而可以摆脱运动场,保持竖直升降机。但是必须留意的是,这种飞行汽车通常不具有在大街上新款奔驰的作用,即便车箱下边装有车胎,在作用上也多是以便保持均衡。
有别于陆空双用类飞行汽车,单一作用类飞行汽车多挑选以充电电池来保持驱动力供求平衡。Uber先前曾作出预计,称选用eVTOL技术性,飞行汽车能够 在10分鐘之内从新宿飞往横滨,一样的路途,一般小车要花40-50分鐘,电动车必须60-70分鐘。
但是必须留意的是,无论是新能源车還是无人飞机等商品都说明,充电电池依然是一个令业内头痛的难题。此外在航空全过程中,同样间距下,伴随着航空间距的提高,纯车用汽油或电油混和驱动器的飞行汽车将可以逐渐缓解本身载重量,它是纯电动车飞行汽车所不可以有着的一个优点。
产业链刚发展,将来共享资源交通出行等方式容易落地式
严苛从产业链视角看来,时下说白了的“飞行汽车”大量的還是一个相对性定义的物质。毫无疑问,一些生产商对外开放飞行汽车预定意味着着该商品进到产品化的一个预兆,但论及真实的落地式产品化,飞行汽车也有太远的路要走。
预购价上百万发展、新老派生产商令其出场,飞行汽车怎样轻松玩百亿元销售市场?
就硬件配置层面来讲,前边提及的驱动力驱动器难题就是说一个绊脚石。此外飞行汽车自身的界定和规范都是处在迷惘环节,哪些的形状最适用飞行汽车?这一物质的评定规范又是啥……针对飞行汽车来讲,一系列难题还要等候解释。
此外,紧紧围绕飞行汽车的基本公共服务设施眼底下都是几近一片空白,例如航道整体规划/申请办理、交通管制通告、临时性停靠点(服务点)、电池充电加气站设定这些,现阶段均沒有发布一套健全的规章,乃至原型沒有出現,有的仅仅政府部门对这一块的文档整体规划。
以对飞行汽车比较注重的日本国为例,在2018年和2019年,政府部门各自公布《将来项目投资发展战略2018》和《提高发展战略实行方案》二份文档,前面一种明确提出要创立致力于保持“上空飞车”的官民协议会,并在年之内(2018年之内)制订路线地图;后面一种称之为了保持飞行汽车设想,将推动组织建设,争得在2023年起动有关新项目。再看英国,还处在对商品的验证环节,相对的基本公共服务设施等基本建设有关规章都还没出現。在这里一前提条件下,及时富商店铺买家选购了飞行汽车,除开可以抢鲜,别的并沒有充足的应用性。
除此之外,人们留意到,即便是一刚开始就声称朝向大家打造出飞行汽车商品的PAL-V小车,其商品的预订价钱也早已达到59.9万美金(约420万RMB)。再看别的早已对外开放订购安全通道的生产商,价钱最少都是20万美金(140万RMB)发展,显而易见针对大家来讲,这一价钱是彻底担负不了的。
也许在将来,由于驱动力提升、原材料更新、批量生产等要素,飞行汽车的价钱会有逐渐减少,但根据当今的技术实力和发展趋势自然环境看来,价钱减少至可以进到大家家中也有很长一段距离。按照现阶段的形势,飞行汽车更适用共享资源/公共性交通出行。

英文版
English version

As a kind of ordinary time scooter, the car has already entered the home of Wangan, but everyone has not stopped updating and improving the car. After new energy vehicles and driverless cars, more and more manufacturers have just begun to look at flying cars.
According to the Associated Press, companies on the runway of the industry chain may attract record-breaking venture capital, and millions of dollars of investors will also withdraw from the newly established land transportation company and turn into flying cars.
With a pre-purchase price of millions of development and new and old-style manufacturers making it out, how can flying cars easily play the 10 billion yuan sales market?
Flying cars already exist, and the sales market of 10 billion yuan will be easy in the future
According to the latest developments, Hyundai Motor also has to get involved in the flying car sales market, announcing that it will release a defined version of its car series at the CES 2020 trade fair, which has caused many people's concern.
What is a flying car? At this stage in the industry, no established definition has been reached. Literally, a "flying car" is a small car that can be aviation at a certain aspect ratio. Judging from the situation in recent years, the flying car sales market has long caused concern among manufacturers and assets, including Tengxun, Google, Uber, Airbus, Airbus, and some other prosperous companies, all of which are determined to win this sales market. Tracing the source, the "flying car" is not a new item, and everyone has been searching for it for more than 100 years.
The world's first "flying car" came out in 1917. It was created by British technical engineer Glenn HammondCurtis. It is called "Autoplane". The car body is made of aluminum alloy profile materials. If you want to carry out aviation, the car body must be in the warehouse and The aircraft wing was assembled. However, Autoplane did not actually fly, only maintaining a brief aviation bounce.
With a pre-purchase price of millions of development and new and old-style manufacturers making it out, how can flying cars easily play the 10 billion yuan sales market?
Although the first flying car was not very successful, it also inspired ideas for latecomers. After GlennHammondCurtis, in 1937, 1945, and 1947, foreigners Waldo Waterman and others released flying cars on average, and even set up companies and accepted equity financing. Little did they know that due to lack of relative licenses, restrictions on raw materials, first flight accidents, etc., These new flying car projects ended unsuccessfully.
Time is dragging around the millennium, and a group of companies with PAL-V trolleys once again brought flying cars to the field of vision. Development trend So far, the new wave of flying car fashion has been experienced for 20 years. Different from the past, the prevalence of flying cars caused a lot of concerns, from government departments to companies to give different levels of application.
Take Wyoming, the United Kingdom as an example. Former governor Matt Mead invited more than 200 airline businessmen in November 2019 to host a secret summit with only one purpose: to attract a large number of people. Love flying cars and feel that it will change everyone's lifestyle. Another example is a real estate agent in Miami who announced a plan to upgrade the observatory of Paramount Miami World Center into a flying car harbour for future flying cars.
At present, the market capacity of driverless cars and new energy vehicles has already reached 100 billion US dollars. What about flying cars? According to the forecast and analysis in the report "Flying Cars in the Future of Mobile Transportation" published by Deloitte, the scale of operation in foreign markets alone will exceed US $ 17 billion in 2040, which can be seen in the global sales market.
There are more and more players, and flying car games are various
As mentioned earlier, more and more companies are looking at the flying car sales market. The characteristics of each company are different, and the methods are different in the application of flying cars.
Asset sequence: Tencent, Intel, Google founder Larry Peiqi, etc .;
Traditional company sequence: Airbus, Airbus, Goodwill, Daimler, Toyota, Hyundai, etc .;
Prosperous company sequence: Uber, EHang, AeroMobil, etc.
Among them, for example, Terrafugia acquired by Geely, and its PAL-V car, AeroMobil and other companies have already started the pre-order of flying car products in 2019, and will soon be delivered in 2020. Words can attract money to work, and the total financing amount of the flying car industry has already reached billions of dollars.
In terms of product shape, there are several key types of flying cars developed by the industry today:
· Land-air dual-use class
Means manufacturers: good intentions, PAL-V trolley, AeroMobil, etc.
The characteristics of this type of flying car depend on whether it can be a new Mercedes-Benz on the street as a car, or it can be transformed into an airfield and soar in the sky. Unlike these new projects that were initially unsuccessful, the latest news is that the land-air dual-use flying car is not simply a piece of the car and the aircraft wing in a modular design, but the aircraft wing is installed in the vehicle in a telescopic style Body. At that time, when flying cars want aviation, they can flex their wings in more than ten minutes or even tens of seconds, and then just start aviation.
It is particularly important to note that such flying cars usually rely on a sports field during the entire take-off, landing and landing process. Only a few manufacturers will try to apply electric vertical take-off and landing technology (eVTOL) to flying cars. For the driving force level, electro-oil blending is the choice of most manufacturers. In addition, in order to reduce the carrying capacity and reduce energy consumption, manufacturers often use carbon fiber, titanium aluminum alloy profiles and other raw materials when building car bodies.
With a pre-purchase price of millions of development and new and old-style manufacturers making it out, how can flying cars easily play the 10 billion yuan sales market?
· Single acting class
Means manufacturers: Uber, Lilium, Ehang, etc.
The core concept of this flying car is mostly inspired by eVTOL technology. From the shape point of view, calling them "(passenger) unmanned aircraft" may be more brand image.
In actual structure, a single-acting flying car is often equipped with multiple rotor equipment, or several aircraft propellers are installed on the fixed wing, so that it can get rid of the playing field and maintain a vertical lift. However, it must be noted that this flying car usually does not have the function of a new Mercedes-Benz on the street. Even if there are tires under the trunk, it is mostly used to maintain balance.
Different from land-air dual-purpose flying cars, single-acting flying cars are mostly selected to charge batteries to maintain the balance of supply and demand of driving force. Uber had previously predicted that the use of eVTOL technology would allow flying cars to fly from Shinjuku to Yokohama in 10 minutes. The same journey takes about 40-50 minutes for a car and 60-70 minutes for an electric car.
However, it must be noted that whether it is a new energy vehicle or an unmanned aircraft, it is clear that rechargeable batteries are still a headache for the industry. In addition, in the entire aviation process, with the same spacing, with the increase of aviation spacing, flying cars with pure gasoline or electric oil mixed drivers will gradually relieve their own load, which is not possible for pure electric flying cars. An advantage.
The industrial chain has just developed, and in the future, shared resources and transportation will be easy to implement.
Strict From the perspective of the industrial chain, a lot of "flying cars" nowadays are still a relatively defined substance. Undoubtedly, the opening of flying car bookings by some manufacturers means a precursor to the commercialization of the product, but when it comes to real floor-type productization, flying cars also have a long way to go.
With a pre-purchase price of millions of development and new and old-style manufacturers making it out, how can flying cars easily play the 10 billion yuan sales market?
As far as the hardware configuration is concerned, the driving force problem mentioned earlier is a stumbling block. In addition, the definition and specifications of flying cars are in a puzzled link. Which shapes are most suitable for flying cars? What is the evaluation standard of this substance ... For flying cars, a series of problems have yet to be explained.
In addition, the basic public service facilities surrounding flying cars are almost blank at present, such as the overall planning / application of traffic lanes, traffic control notices, temporary stops (service points), battery charging and filling station settings, etc. At this stage, no set of sound regulations has been released, and even prototypes have not appeared, and some are only government departments' overall planning for this document.
Taking Japan, which is more concerned about flying cars, as an example, in 2018 and 2019, government departments respectively published two documents, "Future Project Investment Development Strategy 2018" and "Improvement Development Strategy Implementation Plan". The official-civilian council dedicated to maintaining "flying cars" and developing route maps within the year (within 2018); the latter is called the idea of keeping flying cars, which will promote the organization and be launched in 2023. new project. Looking at the United Kingdom again, it is still in the process of verifying goods, and relative basic construction regulations such as basic public service facilities have not yet appeared. Under the premise of this, the buyers of rich merchant shops bought flying cars in time, except that they can be pre-empted, and there is not enough applicability.
In addition, people have noticed that even if the PAL-V car, which claims to create flying car products towards everyone from the beginning, the pre-order price of its products has already reached 599,000 US dollars (about 4.2 million RMB). Let's look at other manufacturers who have already opened orders for secure channels. The price is at least 200,000 US dollars (1.4 million RMB) for development. Obviously, for everyone, this price cannot be completely afforded.
Perhaps in the future, the price of flying cars will gradually decrease due to factors such as increased driving forces, raw material updates, and mass production. However, according to the current technological strength and development trend, the natural environment seems that the price has decreased to the point where it can enter everyone's home. Long distance. According to the current situation, flying cars are more suitable for shared resource / public transportation, or the floor-mounted B / G terminal is more suitable for use.

(图/文编译:飞行汽车 http://www.flycar.com.cn/)
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