谷歌创始人押注的飞行汽车搁浅:原型机都送人了

2019-12-30 18:50

假如多方面转型人们交通出行,无人驾驶汽车是一种挑选,四轴飞行器是另一种更加好的挑选。
并且二种挑选,都获得谷歌创始人拉里·佩琦亲睐。2009年,Google无人驾驶汽车宣布发展,一年以后,“飞行汽车”新项目也刚开始充钱起动。
乃至更显著,佩琦本人更愿意把钱和资产,都砸向很酷的飞行汽车。
这都是初创公司KittyHawk(小小的苍鹰)令人瞩目的缘故。
殊不知近期,好主意传出:2018年还宣称将要小规模纳税人量产供货的“个人四轴飞行器”,公布折戟;对于更美丽动人的“上空自动驾驶的士”方案,也一同沉没。
但喜讯是,这将会仅仅KittyHawk和佩奇的不成功。
由于这一跑道上,最少中国企业仍然雄心勃勃,包含好意头、腾迅和不久IPO发售的亿航……都会变成象征性游戏玩家。
她们商品各不相同。有的偏重于飞行汽车,有的则是小号无人飞机,但都为保持上空近途出行,而且原形商品间距产业化商业好像都仅剩“最后一公里”。
那KittyHawk如何就搞不下来了呢?
KittyHawk沉没疑团
内幕信息由全球福布斯曝光。

谷歌飞行汽车

在访谈多位前职工后,全球福布斯报导称,KittyHawk两大产品系列均遭“重挫”。
个人飞行器新项目Flyer,从技术性、安全性到具体落地式常有一系列难以解决的难点,已没法交货。
Flyer,飞行者,都是KittyHawk的第一款四轴飞行器,迭代更新过两版。
初中级版较为简单,像一个大蜘蛛,基础就是说水上摩托加了羽翼:
全新升级,基础构造沒有变,漂亮了许多:
用CEO得话来描述,Flyer是“dronesmeetaircraft”(一种叫drone的中小型四轴飞行器和飞机场的融合),它实际上是一个海上中小型四轴飞行器。
有10个飞机螺旋桨,长4米,宽2.3米,高1.5米。选用了复合材料构造,净重仅为113KG。以锂电为电力能源。
更新以后,实际操作越来越非常简单,平常人只必须一个钟头就能够 学好。
2018年,企业还请了WSJ、CNN、Wired等每家新闻媒体来首飞,官方网站也对外开放预订。
但就在一年以后,明确的供货之期,服务承诺不但要改档,更有大整顿。
KittyHawk退回订购保证金、已不朝向本人市场销售,市场定位也从“本人座骑”变换为“出示运营管理”,出示大城市近途的点到点共享资源四轴飞行器。
并且市场定位调节身后,也有更令人震惊缘故曝光:
前KittyHawk技术工程师表露说,经常的技术性常见故障,每过几个小时就得检修一次;充电电池着火都是问题,乃至还要Google引起过火灾事故。
四轴飞行器方案沉没外,另一大产品系列——致力于变成上空Uber的Cora,则立即关停并转,将进到与美国波音公司的合资企业WiskAero,而且会由空客意味着操控股东会。
这就更让人出现意外,由于在KittyHawk最开始勾勒宏伟蓝图的那时候,Core不但有无人驾驶的技术性,更有那时候火爆的“共享经济模式”定义扶持,是具有商业服务潜质的那一个。
Core的四轴飞行器能竖直起降:
也可以迅速着陆:
而应用了无人驾驶技术性,航行62公里——近100千米,能够 乘座两人,比小车快,省時间省运动场。
想像一下,80千米要是一小时,想到哪去走平行线无需停,一天中什么时候想飞什么时候飞。
KittyHawk把它视作将来“上空的士”的原型机,2018年在英国试着最开始的产品化。
殊不知方案跟不上转变。
就在2019年6月,Core被KittyHawk划归与空客建立的分公司,并且还缺失了决策权,基础代表没法再核心该线路了。
四轴飞行器但有趣的是,Cora新项目变化没多久后,KittyHawk还发布了第三款四轴飞行器:Heaviside。
官方网打得标识是:small,queit,fast
小:只能一个成人蹲下那么高,看上去和一辆一般小车类似大;
静:起降响声大概80db,不上十秒钟,航空的那时候不上40db,没办法被别人耳觉察出去。
快:在15分鐘内能够 从圣荷西到美国旧金山。而现阶段驾车必须50分鐘。
实际上就是说一架电动飞机。
仅仅间距最开始构想——跟无人驾驶汽车一样处理城市交通难题,高效率又安全性,依然漫长。
更好像一辆个人小飞机,而且还得进一步过管控关。间距量产、商业和暴发,还很漫长。现阶段,联邦政府航空公司管理处只容许heavside在职工的视线里开展首飞试验。
但是KittyHawk临时折戟,却并不等于从上空转型交通出行这件事情全无期望。
一众游戏玩家早已集聚,并且中国力量十分夺目。
200万余元买一辆好意头飞车
除开KittyHawk想干”上空的士“,Uber自身也准备把共享资源交通出行从路面扩展到上空。
她们公布了根据垂直起降飞机的空中交通新项目UberAir,准备从2023年刚开始商业服务经营。Uber早已和NASA签署了协议书,彼此准备在大城市空中交通(UAM)上开展协作。
协议书內容就是说,uber明确提出大城市航空公司搭车共享网络方案。NASA应用航线管理方法电子计算机模型与模拟仿真来评定小型飞机对自然环境的危害。
Uber的电动飞机较为大,必须基本建设配套设施的中小型飞机场。
但也将会它就把高层住宅商务大厦的屋顶当飞机场使:
下班啦坐着乘飞机能够 顺带赏析一下“拥堵美丽风景”:
腾迅领投领投的法国企业Lilium在2019年开展了2次首飞。保持了在20°歪斜拐弯等姿势:
这个企业预估在2025年保持五座上空的士的商业服务经营:
也是知名汽车制造商进场“空中交通”。
国内意味着吉利汽车,早已回收了一家称为太力(Terrafugia)的飞行汽车企业。
这个企业最开始由五位麻省理工大学(MIT)的大学毕业生于2006年创立,致力于飞行汽车的设计方案与生产制造,2017年11月被好意头国有独资回收。
现阶段早已有Demo和商品原型,主推的Transition是一架可容下两个人的飞行汽车。
它既能够 在土里跑,还可以半空中飞。

英文版
English version

If people's transportation is transformed in many ways, driverless cars are a choice, and quadcopters are another better choice.
And both choices have been favored by Google founder Larry Page. In 2009, Google's self-driving car announced its development. One year later, the new "flying car" project has just started to charge money.
Even more remarkable, Pei Qi is more willing to throw money and assets into cool flying cars.
That's why the startup KittyHawk (the little goshawk) is remarkable.
As everyone knows, in the near future, good ideas have come out: in 2018, it also announced that it would be a small-scale taxpayer for mass production and supply of "personal quadcopters" and announced the halberd; for the more beautiful and moving "autonomous taxis over the sky" scheme, also sunk .
But the good news is that this will only be KittyHawk and Page's unsuccessful.
As at this runway, at least Chinese companies are still ambitious, including Ease, Tencent, and Yihang, which will be launched in the near future IPO ... will become symbolic gamers.
Their products are different. Some focus on flying cars, while others are small unmanned aircraft, but they all travel to maintain short-distance air travel, and the commercialized commercial products seem to have only the "last mile" left.
How can KittyHawk not get it?
KittyHawk Mystery
Inside information was exposed by Forbes Global.
After interviewing several former employees, Forbes Global reported that both of KittyHawk's product lines had been "hit".
Flyer, a new personal aircraft project, often has a series of difficult points from technical and safety to concrete floor-standing, and cannot be delivered.
Flyer, the pilot, is KittyHawk's first quadcopter, and iteratively updated two versions.
The junior and intermediate versions are relatively simple, like a big spider. The basis is that the jet ski has wings:
New upgrade, the basic structure has not changed, and it is much more beautiful:
In the words of the CEO, the Flyer is a "dronesmeetaircraft" (a fusion of a small and medium quadcopter called the drone and an airport), which is actually a small and medium quadcopter at sea.
There are 10 aircraft propellers, 4 meters long, 2.3 meters wide and 1.5 meters high. The composite material structure is selected, and the net weight is only 113KG. Lithium electricity is used as the power source.
After the update, the actual operation becomes more and more simple, and ordinary people can learn it in just one hour.
In 2018, the company also invited every news media such as WSJ, CNN, Wired to make its first flight, and the official website also opened for booking.
But just one year later, with a clear delivery period, service commitments not only have to be changed, but also greatly rectified.
KittyHawk has returned the order deposit and is no longer selling to my own market. The market positioning has also changed from "my own mount" to "presenting operational management" and presenting a point-to-point shared resource quadcopter for short distances in big cities.
And behind the market positioning adjustment, there are even more shocking reasons for exposure:
Former KittyHawk technical engineers revealed that frequent technical common faults need to be repaired every few hours; the ignition of rechargeable batteries is a problem, and even Google has caused fire accidents.
The four-axis aircraft solution sank. Another major product series, Cora, which is dedicated to becoming Uber above, was immediately shut down and switched to WiskAero, a joint venture with Boeing, and it would be controlled by Airbus. Shareholders' meeting.
This is even more surprising. At the time when KittyHawk first outlined the grand blueprint, Core not only had the technicality of unmanned driving, but also the definition and support of the popular "sharing economy model" at that time, which had potential for commercial services. One.
Core's quadcopter can take off and land vertically:
You can also land quickly:
The application of driverless technology, sailing 62 kilometers-nearly 100 kilometers, can take two people, faster than a car, saving time and sports fields.
Imagine if 80 kilometers is an hour, you don't need to stop where you want to go on the parallel line, and when and how you want to fly in the day.
KittyHawk regards it as the prototype of "Taxi in the Future", and it will try to be the first product in the UK in 2018.
As everyone knows, the plan cannot keep up with the change.
As of June 2019, Core was assigned to a branch established with Airbus by KittyHawk, and it also lacked decision-making power. Basic representatives could no longer core the line.
Quadcopter But interestingly, not long after the new Cora project changed, KittyHawk also released a third quadcopter: Heaviside.
The official website logo is: small, queit, fast
Small: Only one adult can squat so high, it looks similar to an ordinary car;
Jing: The sound of take-off and landing is about 80db, not more than ten seconds. At the time of aviation, it is less than 40db. There is no way to be heard by others.
Fast: From San Jose to San Francisco in 15 minutes. At this stage, driving must take 50 minutes.
It really means an electric plane.
Just the idea of the gap at the beginning-to deal with urban traffic problems like driverless cars, high efficiency and safety, is still long.
It is more like a small personal aircraft, and it has to be further controlled. Pitch programming, commercials, and outbreaks are long. At this stage, the federal government airline management office only allows heavside to conduct first flight tests in the eyes of employees.
But KittyHawk's temporary halt did not mean that there was no expectation of transforming transportation from above.
A large number of gamers have already gathered, and China's power is very eye-catching.
2 million yuan to buy a good-looking speed car
In addition to KittyHawk's desire to take a taxi over the sky, Uber itself is also preparing to expand shared resource transportation from the road to the sky.
They announced UberAir, a new air traffic project based on vertical take-off and landing aircraft, which is preparing to start commercial service operations from 2023. Uber and NASA have already signed an agreement, and they are ready to collaborate on UAM.
The content of the agreement is that Uber clearly proposes a metropolitan airline ride-sharing network solution. NASA applies electronic computer models and simulations of route management methods to assess the harm of small aircraft to the natural environment.
Uber's electric aircraft are relatively large, and small and medium-sized airports with supporting facilities must be basically constructed.
But it will also use the roof of a high-rise residential business building as an airport:
After work, sitting by plane can appreciate the "crowded beautiful scenery" incidentally:
The French company Lilium led by Teng Xun led its first flight in 2019. Keep postures such as turning at a 20 ° angle:
The company estimates that five 20 taxis will be in commercial service by 2025:
It is also known as "Air Traffic".
China means Geely Automobile, which has already recycled a flying car company called Terrafugia.
This company was originally founded by five MIT graduates in 2006. It is committed to the design and manufacture of flying cars.
At this stage, there are already Demo and commercial prototypes. The main transition is a flying car that can accommodate two people.
It can either run in the soil or fly in midair.

(图/文编译:飞行汽车 http://www.flycar.com.cn/)
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