腾讯投资6亿元、谷歌创始人追捧,飞行汽车会是下一代出行风口?

2020-01-12 14:54

当大城市的交通出行愈来愈拥挤的那时候,大家的眼光刚开始转为上空。

能够飞的小车,一时间变成众多巨头聚焦点的商品,包含拉里·佩琦。

做为Google的创办人、全世界十大富商之一,拉里·佩琦一直对飞行汽车趋之如骛。早就在2016年的那时候,拉里·佩琦就以前对一家名叫Zee.Aero的英国飞行汽车企业项目投资了1亿多美元,接着没多久,又项目投资了此外一家名叫KittyHawk的飞行汽车初创公司。

在2019年12月月初的那时候,Google在搏客上出文称,总公司AlphabetCEO拉里·佩琦公布离职,而这间距拉里·佩琦在停车位中创立Google早已有21年的時间了。在自身邻近离休之际,拉里·佩琦巨资下注飞行汽车行业,在其中的必要性当然显而易见。

那麼,飞行汽车到底是如何的呢?

拉里·佩琦飞行汽车

拉里·佩琦的期望?

实际上,佩琦项目投资的这两家企业常有不短的年分了。

Zee.Areo,能够算为是佩琦的独宠,并不是归属于Google。依据天眼网的资料显示,这个企业创立于2010年,关键业务流程为产品研发飞行汽车。这类飞行汽车可以竖直起降和着陆,具备安全性、清静、易于控制、高效率和重量轻等特性。

依据Zee.Areo的历史时间股权融资纪录看来,这个飞行汽车企业的投资人也只能拉里·佩琦。在2016年10月的那时候,总有美国德州粤港澳的新闻媒体许多人见到了这个企业的飞行汽车开展实验航空。

拉里·佩琦从没认可Zee.Areo是Google的财产,即便这个企业同Alphabet一样,位于美国德州山景城。依据英国金融时报以前的报导,Zee.Areo在最开始的产品研发环节关键有2款商品,在其中一款与小型飞机贴近,另一款则在侧边配备了助推器。据Zee.Aero在2012年递交的专利权文档显示信息,飞行汽车可以垂直起落。

从Zee.Areo的研发部门看来,这个飞行汽车企业可以说是人才辈出。在创立不上10年的時间里,早已汇聚了来源于于SpaceX(埃隆马斯克哪家太空运输企业)、美宇航局和空客等好几家著名企业或组织,她们相互的总体目标就是说“人们已经更改本人航运业”。

拉里·佩琦自身也十分重视自身的一大笔项目投资,Zee.Areo总公司位于2700BroderickWay,在一栋占地面积3万平方米的两层大厦里。一层是Zee.Areo的办公室地区,二层则是佩琦自己的私密空间,包含他的娱乐休闲及其个人个人收藏。

但特别注意的一点是,许多人在猜疑Zee.Areo的飛天小车究竟是否拉里·佩琦的价格昂贵小玩具,由于直至今日,这个企业的商品依然沒有公布什么时候批量生产,并且这个企业好像也并沒有扩大的准备,非常少有新的信息传来。

相比Zee.Areo,KittyHawk(小小的苍鹰)就看起来高姿态了许多。尽管一样全是拉里·佩琦项目投资的飞行汽车企业,可是依据天眼网资料显示,2016年,KittyHawk只是得到了50万美金的種子轮创业资金,并且创立于2015年的这个企业,其最初的研发部门绝大多数来源于于Zee.Areo。

从KittyHawk的官在网上掌握到,这个飞行汽车企业的ceo是塞巴斯蒂安·特伦(SebastianThrun)。KittyHawk的CEO实际上和Google拥有 紧密联系的关联,依据官方网站的详细介绍,塞巴斯蒂安·特伦是Google无人驾驶汽车鼻祖,还参加了Google的“登陆月球(Moonshot)”方案——GoogleX,主要包括无人驾驶汽车、谷歌眼镜和ProjectLoon热气球新项目。在其中,许多新项目与深度学习和人工智能应用有关。他表达,KittyHawk的企业愿景就是说协助大家解决现阶段现有代步工具所产生的拥挤。

除开塞巴斯蒂安·特伦以外,KittyHawk的高管基础也全是拥有 航空员或技术工程师的有关背景图。

对于KittyHawk的商品,实际上要比Zee.Areo大量,业务流程面更广。从官在网上能够看见,现阶段KittyHawk还免费在线的一共有2种商品,在其中一种名叫Heaviside,依照官方网的详细介绍,这个飛天小车具有的特性是重量轻、噪声低而且飞行速度快。

从官方网流露出来的视頻材料看来,这类飞行汽车的外观设计基础同传统式飞机场类似,只不过是更加精巧。Heaviside柴油发动机所造成的噪声是一般直升飞机的100倍,依据KittyHawk的详细介绍,这个飞行汽车一旦进到上空,其所造成的噪声基础不以人耳所认知,但这并不等于噪声消退了。

速率层面,从圣何塞到美国旧金山,Heaviside仅需15分鐘,而驾车却要50分鐘,而且所耗费的动能仅为一切正常小车的一半。特别注意的是,这儿的节能型也要充分考虑上空线路间距的减少。

官在网上此外一款名叫Flyer的飞行汽车,实际上算作KittyHawk最开始的商品。Flyer能够竖直起降着陆,由10个单独电扇出示驱动力,从外型看来,就是说一个单座的私家飞机,总体净重为220磅,车速最大32千米,能够拉开距离路面15英寸的高宽比开展航空。

截屏来源于:KittyHawk官方网站

值得一提的是,依照英国的航空公司要求,Flyer不归属于被管控范畴,不用飞行驾照也可以航空。就这样一款商品,在2017年以前传来要开展开售的信息,而且还传来了每一年100美金的会员权益,能够享有优先购买、订购打折等特惠。但接着没多久,KittyHawk退回订购保证金、已不朝向本人市场销售,改成出示运营管理,出示大城市近途的点到点共享资源四轴飞行器。现如今,这也没有了信息。

除开这2款飛天小车,实际上KittyHawk还有一个名叫“Cora”的商品,这一商品在2020今年初的那时候官在网上還是能够看见的,可是现如今早已停售。精确而言,Cora就是说KittyHawk的产品化新项目,尝试打造出“上空Uber”。

与前二种商品不一样的是,Cora已不是单座,只是能够另外容下2名旅客。这一新项目是KittyHawk在英国开展首飞的,新品发布会上新西兰总理杰辛达·阿德恩还参加,他表达:“本次新西兰政府决策与KittyHawk战略合作,关键就是说要想向全球每个國家的这些高端人才发信号。要是给你艺术创意、有念头,那么就能够赶到英国。人们始终向这些开拓创新、要想实现理想的人敞开大门。并且,人们早已开设了一个总体目标,那便是到2050年将英国变成一个零碳排放量的國家。大家都知道,KittyHawk的四轴飞行器就是说彻底电动式的。总而言之,相近那样的新项目,毫无疑问可以协助人们保持零碳排放量的这一宏伟蓝图。”

2018年的那时候,《每日电讯报》还曾表露,英国国防部已经为飞行出租车新成立公司KittyHawk出示200万美金的资产,很关键的一点就是说为Cora新项目投资。

殊不知好景不常,在2019年6月的那时候,不清楚究竟由于技术性难题還是资产等难题,Cora被KittyHawk划归与空客建立的分公司,还缺失了决策权,这也就代表拉里·佩琦的上空的士也暂且不能为他赚了钱。

从拉里·佩琦的飛天小车新项目看来,从头至尾加在一起有10年的時间了,殊不知现如今竞相停步,飛天小车确实沒有将来了没有?

真伪出风口?

拉里·佩琦仅仅 飛天小车这一跑道的一个游戏玩家罢了。

许多 制造行业大佬都会竞相涌进。

传统式小车大佬中,好意头于2017年公布国有独资回收英国飞行汽车企业Terrafugia,该司主打产品商品还被美国航空主管机构容许产品化应用;丰田汽车以前方案在2020年日本奥运会上放飞行汽车引燃圣火;阿斯顿马丁在2018年公布了自己的飞行汽车VolanteVisionConcept,并准备在2020年批量生产。

兴盛大佬也放手一搏,以Uber为例,Uber一直都在着眼于开发设计飞行出租车新项目。2017年11月,公布与美国国家航空航天局协作,相互建立空中交通自动控制系统。在2017今年初,Uber还与达拉斯沃斯堡及其阿联酋迪拜政府部门协作,方案优先选择在这种大城市投入使用飞行汽车新项目。

中国互联网大佬腾迅也在2017年取出9000万美金项目投资法国电动式飞行汽车企业Lilium。

依据摩根斯坦利研究中心的有关结果显示,到2040年,无人驾驶汽车、上空的士或本人上空代步工具市场容量将会贴近1.5亿美元。此外,德勤公布的《挪动交通出行之将来飞行汽车》汇报中预测分析,2040年,仅英国的“上空的士”市场容量就可超过170亿美金。

那麼,飛天小车确实是下一个出风口吗?

国金证券在其一份有关飛天小车的券商报告中强调,尽管飞行汽车设计方案早已过实战演练认证,可是现阶段仍存有较多的技术性短板,并且因为飞行汽车产品研发难度系数与资金投入很大,原料及生产成本昂贵,就算发售目前的工程造价也没法被一般顾客接纳,此外,上道与航空必须根据世界各国监督机构与法律部门的审核。

特斯拉汽车CEO埃隆马斯克以前公布在自身的Twitter上表达:“假如最喜欢在自身家房屋上边航空,而且总有很多的小车在上边飞着自然一切正常。这种小车如同被变大1000倍的无人飞机,并且填满噪声,在降落的那时候极大的气旋乃至会将许多 物品吹跑。”

你也是怎样看待飛天小车的呢?

英文版
English version

When the traffic in big cities is getting more and more crowded, everyone's eyes have just begun to change.

The car that can fly can become the focus of many giants, including Larry Page.

As the founder of Google and one of the top ten wealthy businessmen in the world, Larry Page has been eager for flying cars. As early as 2016, Larry Page had previously invested more than $ 100 million in a British flying car company project named Zee.Aero, and not long afterwards, the project invested in another company named KittyHawk. Flying car startup.

At the beginning of December 2019, Google wrote on Boke that the CEO of Alphabet, Larry Page, announced his departure, and this interval was 21 years after Larry Page founded Google in the parking space. It's time. As he is nearing his retirement, Larry Page's huge bet on the flying car industry is certainly obvious.

So, what exactly is a flying car?

Larry Page's expectations?

In fact, the two companies invested by Peiqi Project often have many years.

Zee.Areo, which can be regarded as Pei's exclusive pet, is not attributed to Google. According to the data of Tianyan.com, this company was founded in 2010, and its key business process is product development flying cars. This type of flying car can take off, land and land vertically. It has the characteristics of safety, quietness, easy control, high efficiency and light weight.

According to Zee. Areo's historical time equity financing record, investors in this flying car company can only be Larry Page. At that time in October 2016, many people in the news media of Texas, Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macau saw the flying cars of this company for experimental aviation.

Larry Page has never recognized Zee. Areo as Google's property, even though the company, like Alphabet, is located in Mountain View, Texas. According to previous reports from the Financial Times, Zee.Areo had two key products in the initial product development process, one of which was close to a small aircraft and the other was equipped with a booster on the side. According to the patent documents submitted by Zee.Aero in 2012, flying cars can take off and land vertically.

From the perspective of Zee.Areo's R & D department, this flying car company can be said to be a mass of talents. In less than 10 years since its establishment, several well-known companies or organizations from SpaceX (which is Elon Musk's space transportation company), NASA and Airbus have come together. Their overall goal is to Say "People have changed their shipping industry."

Larry Page also attaches great importance to his large project investment. The Zee. Areo head office is located at 2700 BroderickWay, in a two-story building covering an area of 30,000 square meters. The first floor is Zee. Areo's office area, and the second floor is Peggy's own private space, which contains his entertainment and his personal collection.

However, it is particularly important to note that many people are wondering whether Zee. Areo ’s flying car is Larry Peggy ’s expensive small toy. Since this day, the company ’s products have not yet been announced in batch production, and this company seems to There was no preparation for expansion, and very few new messages came.

Compared to Zee.Areo, KittyHawk looks a lot taller. Although the same is all a flying car company invested by Larry Page's project, according to Tianyan.com data, in 2016, KittyHawk only received a seed round venture capital of 500,000 US dollars, and this company was founded in 2015. The majority of the R & D department comes from Zee.Areo.

From the KittyHawk official's grasp online, the ceo of this flying car company is Sebastian Thrun. KittyHawk's CEO actually has a close relationship with Google. According to the detailed description of the official website, Sebastian Tren is the originator of Google ’s self-driving cars and also participated in Google ’s “Moonshot” program— —GoogleX, which mainly includes new projects for driverless cars, Google Glass and ProjectLoon hot air balloon. Among them, many new projects are related to deep learning and artificial intelligence applications. He expressed that KittyHawk's corporate vision is to help everyone solve the congestion caused by existing mobility tools at this stage.

In addition to Sebastian Tren, KittyHawk's executive foundation is also a background map with aviation or technical engineers.

For KittyHawk products, there are actually a lot more than Zee.Areo, and the business process is wider. From the official website, you can see that at this stage KittyHawk also has 2 products online for free. One of them is called Heaviside. According to the detailed introduction of the official website, this flying car has the characteristics of light weight, low noise and flying speed. fast.

From the video materials revealed on the official website, the design basis of this type of flying car is similar to the traditional airport, but it is more sophisticated. The noise caused by a Heaviside diesel engine is 100 times that of an ordinary helicopter. According to the detailed introduction of KittyHawk, once the flying car enters the sky, its noise basis is not recognized by human ears, but this is not equal to noise. Faded.

In terms of speed, from San Jose to San Francisco, Heaviside only takes 15 minutes, while driving takes 50 minutes, and it consumes only half the kinetic energy of all normal cars. In particular, the energy-saving type here must also take full account of the reduction of the overhead line spacing.

Officially, another flying car called Flyer on the Internet is actually counted as KittyHawk's first product. The Flyer can take off and land vertically. The driving force is shown by 10 separate electric fans. From the appearance, it means that a single-seat private aircraft has a total net weight of 220 pounds, a maximum speed of 32 kilometers, and can be pulled away from the road surface 15 The aspect ratio of inches is for aviation.

Screenshot from: KittyHawk official website

It is worth mentioning that according to the requirements of British airlines, Flyer does not belong to the scope of control, and can fly without a driving license. For such a product, the information about sales will be launched before 2017, and also the membership rights of 100 US dollars per year, which can enjoy preferential purchases, discounts and other special orders. But not long after that, KittyHawk returned the order deposit and no longer sold to my market. Instead, it showed the operation management and the point-to-point shared resource quadcopter of the big city. Nowadays, this is no more information.

In addition to these two flying cars, KittyHawk actually has a product called "Cora". This product will still be available on the Internet at the beginning of 2020, but it has been discontinued. To be precise, Cora is a new productization project of KittyHawk, trying to create "Uber over the sky".

Unlike the first two products, Cora is no longer a single seat, but can accommodate two additional passengers. This new project was launched by KittyHawk in the United Kingdom. New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Adeen also participated in the new product launch. He expressed: "The key to this New Zealand government's strategic cooperation with KittyHawk is to reach the world. These high-end talents from each country send a signal. If you are creative and creative, you can rush to the UK. People always open the door to these pioneering and innovative people who want to achieve their ideals. And people have already opened an overall The goal is to make Britain a zero-carbon country by 2050. Everyone knows that KittyHawk's quadcopter is completely electric. In short, new projects like this can undoubtedly help people This ambitious blueprint for maintaining zero carbon emissions. "

At the time of 2018, the Daily Telegraph also revealed that the British Ministry of Defence had presented $ 2 million in assets for KittyHawk, a new company for flying taxis. The key point was to invest in Cora's new project.

As everyone knows, the ups and downs are not very common. At the time of June 2019, it was not clear whether due to technical problems or asset problems, Cora was assigned by KittyHawk to the branch established with Airbus, and it lacked decision-making power. · The taxi above Peiqi could not make money for him for the time being.

From the perspective of Larry Page's new flying car project, it has been 10 years from beginning to end. I don't know if the race is now stopped. Is there really no future for the flying car?

Authenticity outlet?

Larry Page is just a gamer on the runway.

Many big names in the manufacturing industry will rush in.

Among the traditional car owners, Goodwill announced in 2017 that the state-owned wholly-owned British flying car company Terrafugia was recycled. The main product of the company was also allowed to be commercialized by the US aviation authority; Toyota had previously planned to fly on the 2020 Olympics in Japan The car ignited the torch; Aston Martin announced its own flying car VolanteVisionConcept in 2018, and is preparing for mass production in 2020.

The prosperous big brothers also let go. Take Uber as an example. Uber has been focusing on the development and design of new projects for flying taxis. In November 2017, it announced the collaboration with NASA to mutually establish an automatic air traffic control system. At the beginning of 2017, Uber also collaborated with Dallas Fort Worth and its government department in Dubai, UAE, to give priority to new flying car projects in such large cities.

Chinese Internet tycoon Teng Xun also took out $ 90 million in 2017 to invest in French electric flying car company Lilium.

According to the results of the Morgan Stanley Research Center, by 2040, the market capacity of self-driving cars, taxis over the sky, or personal mobility tools will be close to $ 150 million. In addition, Deloitte's "Future Flying Cars for Mobile Transport" report released a forecast analysis that in 2040, the UK's "air taxis" market capacity will exceed 17 billion U.S. dollars.

So, is the flying car really the next outlet?

Guojin Securities emphasized in its report on a flying car dealership that although the flying car design plan has already been certified by actual combat exercises, there are still many technical shortcomings at this stage, and because of the difficulty and funding of flying car product development The investment is large, the raw materials and production costs are expensive, and even if the current engineering cost is not available for general customers, in addition, Shangdao and Aviation must be reviewed by the supervisory agencies and legal departments of various countries around the world.

Tesla Motors CEO Elon Musk previously announced on his Twitter: "If you like to fly on your own house, and there are always a lot of cars flying on top of it, everything is normal. This kind of car seems to be getting bigger. 1,000 times unmanned aerial vehicle, filled with noise, a huge cyclone and even blown away many items at the time of landing. "

What do you think of the flying car?

(图/文编译:飞行汽车 http://www.flycar.com.cn/)
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