飞行汽车的未来 科学事实还是科幻小说

2020-01-12 15:00

uber超越了的士制造行业,并尝试让自动驾驶汽车上道。如今,该企业的总体目标是到2020年在我们的天空中有着航空共乘车子。

Uber并非唯一一家着眼于产品研发飞行汽车的企业。但它是实际的,還是仅仅 营销推广蹭热点?

对人们很多人 而言,飞行汽车的定义是将来的近义词,如同银白色的连体衣和药粒方式的特色美食一样。这种理想都还没保持,那麼飞行汽车呢?

该辆车如何?

飞车的經典定义就是说:能飞的车。

在小说集中,伊恩·弗莱明(IanFleming)是飞车的粉絲,1963年,他紧紧围绕着飞车的定义写了小说集《飛天全能车》(ChittyChittyBangBang)。你一直在他的勒布朗詹姆斯·邦德小说集(1964年)和接着的影片《金枪人》中出現了一辆会飞的汽车。这种定义是根据一辆有车轮子的小车,它能够走在路上行车,但还可以在必须的那时候航空。

奇幻小说文学家和电影导演们经常不用未来的交通专用工具走在路上行车。反过来,这种“小车”仅仅 小型飞机,如同阿纳金·天行者(AnakinSkywalker)在《星球大战》(StarWars)影片《克隆人的进攻》(Attackoftheclone)中应用的那类。

近期公布的航空汽车公告的种类各种各样,从单座、多架直升飞机的无人飞机,到能够变为轻形飞机场的道路型小车,及其悬停在河面上的中小型飞艇。

好像基本上一切可以载客的中小型四轴飞行器如今都被称作飞行汽车。但显而易见他们仅仅 一种小型飞机。

怎样安全性吗?

一切潜在性的旅客都是想要知道:“这一设备有多安全性?”

与全部处在初期环节的技术性一样,现阶段将会的参考答案是“不太安全性”。各企业正积极主动勤奋,使自身的飞机场“充足安全性”,以求让监管部门和政府部门坚信,这种飞机场能够承重人的性命。

但也存有着让人难以想象的安全性试炼。在其中较大的一个难题是当事儿越来越很槽糕的那时候该如何做。

针对一辆一般的车,你一般 能够把速率降下去,随后慢下来。但一辆会飞的汽车将会是从从天而降出来,不但车里的人要送命,监视者也会殃及。

企业亿航方案在阿联酋迪拜为其飞行汽车服务项目配置滑翔衣。此项服务项目将把一个人从阿联酋迪拜一座摩天大厦的房顶送到另一座摩天大厦的房顶。

假如滑翔衣开启,还不清晰四轴飞行器是不是有方法操纵它在哪儿降落,或是怎样安全着陆。

在目前的航天工业中,很多航空机械设备全是自动化技术的。充分考虑航空与驾车对比面临的难题,及其为降低航空中的人为因素所做的勤奋,飞行汽车保持自动化技术的概率乃至更大,因而不用人们航空员。

可是目前的航空公司实践活动和飞行汽车中间会有差别。喷气式民航客机的航空安全性纪录让人印像刻骨铭心,这在挺大水平上得益于飞机维修程序流程的改善和对于常见故障的了解。中小型飞行汽车的商业服务实例不大可能容许这般严苛的实践活动。

反过来,飞行汽车将沒有当代飞机场那麼繁杂,而最新消息的演试刚好证实了这一点。

很多中小型电机的应用,如Lilium全电动飞机,大幅度降低了维护保养的多元性。它还出示了一个内嵌的数据冗余对策,防止一个电动机常见故障。

多快,多远?

防止大都市的交通出行和公共性交通堵塞并不是很好么?我们都是那样觉得的。

比如,从人们在布里斯班的公司办公室驾车19千米到中国飞机场,现阶段必须23分鐘,那时候交通出行很通畅。

假如人们能从人们的公司办公室房顶起降(在人们的房顶上带一个软垫,特别适合布署一辆会飞的汽车),全部旅途只需8分鐘。

人们将获得双向促进,最先要以均值车速100千米航空,次之是走最直的线路,只能13千米。

控制器或飞吗?材料来源于:123年rf.com/egudinka/google/michael米尔福德

这一事例的旅途是在飞行汽车的工作能力范围之内已经展现今日。

自然,中国政府将会会指令人们坚持不懈为飞行汽车保存的航空过道,因此立即航空并不是一直一个挑选。这种过道将会战略地坐落于人口数量至少的低风险性地域。

有多非常容易?

有许多 有关飞行汽车的事儿是艰难的,可是一些难题将会会越来越非常容易。

如果你能够进到三维空间开展旅游时,要是处理了导行层面的试炼,就会有大量的室内空间供小车应用。

运用路面上五百米的室内空间代表你能潜在地降低交通阻塞。你也不用修建和维护保养价格昂贵的路面基础设施建设。

针对无人驾驶的飞行汽车而言,进到天上事实上使一些整体规划和交通出行操纵越来越更非常容易。

天上中有大量的室内空间。123年rf.com/ostapenko,Tele52/麦克尔·米尔福德

要多少钱?

如今要了解飞行汽车的经济收益怎样充分发挥还为时过早。

充分考虑极大的管控阻碍、必须摆脱的安全隐患,及其欠缺适用飞行汽车的独特基础设施建设(例如起降和着陆地区及其纯电动车飞机场的电池充电点),没办法估计一次航空的成本费。

现阶段,uber(Uber)等非飞行汽车共乘企业的经营好像出現了高额亏本。

据报导,顾客乘座uber(Uber)车子所付款的花费均值不上旅途计划成本的一半,但uber期望根据发布自动驾驶汽车来填补一部分成本费。充分考虑飞行汽车更有将会变成自动驾驶汽车,也许从经济发展视角看来,它是有益的。

顾客想要花要多少钱才可以在一半的時间内抵达到达站?在协和式飞机中最少有一个知名的历史时间实例明确提出了一样的难题,而且存有安全隐患。缺憾的是,它的超音速客机早已航班取消了。

我想多长时间才可以乘飞机去上下班?

在飞行汽车普及化以前,也有许多 事儿要做。这项技术早已获得了长久的发展,关键归功于无人飞机的迅速发展趋势。可是四轴飞行器自身的技术性仅仅 一个比较复杂系统软件的一部分。

如同陆基无人驾驶汽车一样,假如他们确实保持了,飞行汽车将会会最先出現在一些优先选择行业。

想像一下,针对高层住宅技术人员而言,有一个更划算但依然价格昂贵的挑选,例如阿联酋迪拜的建议。

针对人们其他的人而言,在坐在一辆会飞的汽车以前,人们将会早已衣着银白色的连体衣四处行走,吃着药粒里的饭了。

英文版
English version

Uber goes beyond the taxi manufacturing industry and tries to get self-driving cars on the road. Today, the company's overall goal is to have an air ride in our skies by 2020.

Uber is not the only company focusing on the development of flying cars. But is it practical, or is it just a marketing hotspot?

For many people, the definition of a flying car is a synonym for the future, just like a silver-white jumpsuit and a special food in the form of pills. This ideal has not been maintained, but what about flying cars?

How is the car?

The classic definition of a flying car is to say: a car that can fly.

In the collection of novels, Ian Fleming is a fan of speeding cars. In 1963, he wrote a collection of novels "Chitty Chitty Bang Bang" around the definition of speeding cars. You've been showing a flying car in his collection of LeBron James Bond novels (1964) and the follow-up film, The Gunman. This definition is based on a wheeled car that can travel on the road, but can also fly when necessary.

Fantasy writers and film directors often travel on the road without using future transportation tools. This "car", in turn, is just a small aircraft, like the kind used by Anakin Skywalker in the Star Wars film Attack of the Clone.

There are various types of recently announced air vehicle announcements, ranging from single-seater, multi-copter drones, to road-type cars that can become light airports, and small and medium-sized vehicles hovering on the river airship.

It seems that basically all small and medium quadcopters that can carry passengers are now called flying cars. But obviously they are just a small aircraft.

How about security?

All potential travelers want to know: "How secure is this device?"

As with all the technicalities in the initial stage, the reference answer at this stage will be "less secure". Companies are actively and diligently making their airports "adequately safe" in order to convince regulators and government departments that such airports can bear the lives of people.

But there are also security trials that are unimaginable. One of the bigger problems is what to do when things get more and more difficult.

For a normal car, you can generally reduce the speed and then slow it down. But a flying car will come out of the sky. Not only will the people in the car be killed, but the monitors will catch it.

Enterprise EHang plans to configure a glider for its flying car service project in Dubai, UAE. This service will send a person from the roof of one skyscraper in Dubai, UAE to the roof of another skyscraper.

If the glider is turned on, it is unclear if the quadcopter has a way to control where it landed, or how to land safely.

In the current aerospace industry, many aeronautical machinery and equipment are all automated. Fully consider the difficulties faced by the comparison between aviation and driving, and their diligence to reduce human factors in aviation. The probability of flying cars maintaining automation technology is even greater, so there is no need for people to be pilots.

However, there is a difference between current airline practice and flying cars. The aviation safety record of passenger jets is unforgettable, thanks to the improvement of the aircraft maintenance procedures and understanding of common faults to a large extent. Commercial service examples of small and medium-sized flying cars are unlikely to allow such rigorous practical activities.

In turn, flying cars will not be as complicated as contemporary airfields, and the latest news test justifies this.

Many small and medium-sized motor applications, such as Lilium all-electric aircraft, greatly reduce the diversity of maintenance. It also presents an embedded data redundancy countermeasure to prevent common motor failures.

How fast and how far?

Isn't it good to prevent metro traffic and public traffic congestion? We all feel that way.

For example, it takes 23 minutes for people to drive 19 kilometers from a company office in Brisbane to a Chinese airport. At that time, traffic was very smooth.

If people can take off and land from the roof of people's corporate offices (with a cushion on the roof of the people, especially suitable for deploying a flying car), the whole journey takes only 8 minutes.

People will get two-way promotion. First, they must fly at an average speed of 100 kilometers, followed by the straightest route, only 13 kilometers.

Controller or fly? Material source: 123 rf.com/egudinka/google/michael Milford

The journey of this case is demonstrated today within the working capabilities of flying cars.

Naturally, the Chinese government will instruct people to persevere in maintaining the aisle of flying cars, so immediate aviation is not always a choice. This aisle will be strategically located in a low-risk area with a minimum population.

How easy is it?

There are many things about flying cars that are difficult, but some problems will become easier and easier.

If you can enter the three-dimensional space for tourism, if you deal with the trials at the guide level, there will be a lot of indoor space for trolley applications.

Using five hundred meters of indoor space on the road means you can potentially reduce traffic congestion. You also don't have to build and maintain expensive pavement infrastructure.

For unmanned flying cars, going to the sky actually makes some overall planning and traffic control more and more easy.

There is plenty of indoor space in heaven. 123 rf.com/ostapenko, Tele52 / Mike Milford

How much does it cost?

It is too early to understand how the economic benefits of flying cars will be fully utilized.

Considering the huge regulatory obstacles, the safety hazards that must be rid of, and the lack of unique infrastructure for flying cars (such as the landing and landing areas and the battery charging points of their pure electric vehicle airports), there is no way to estimate an aviation Cost of fees.

At this stage, the operation of non-flying car ride-hailing companies such as uber (Uber) seems to have suffered a high loss.

It is reported that the average cost of paying for a Uber (Uber) passenger seat is less than half of the cost of the trip plan, but Uber expects to cover part of the cost based on the release of autonomous vehicles. Taking full account of flying cars will become self-driving cars, which may be beneficial from the perspective of economic development.

How much does a customer want to spend to arrive at the arrival station in half the time? At least one well-known example of historical time in Concorde clearly raises the same problem, and there are hidden safety hazards. Unfortunately, its supersonic passenger plane has long been cancelled.

How long can I go to work by plane?

There are many things to do before flying cars become widespread. This technology has already achieved long-term development, the key is due to the rapid development trend of unmanned aircraft. However, the technicality of the quadcopter itself is only a part of the more complex system software.

As with land-based driverless cars, if they do, flying cars will be the first to appear in some of the preferred industries.

Imagine a more cost-effective but still expensive option for high-rise residential technicians, such as the one in Dubai, UAE.

For the rest of the people, before sitting in a flying car, people would have been walking around wearing silver-white jumpsuits and eating rice in pills.

(图/文编译:飞行汽车 http://www.flycar.com.cn/)
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