从技术上分析,陆空交通融合不容易

2019-04-03 23:01

汽车和航空最初是一起研究的,比如20世纪30年代清华大学的飞机和汽车研究就是一个研究组,其中飞机研究部分在西南联大时期单独组建了清华航空系,1952年院校调整时与其它几所高校航空系一起,组建了北京航空学院即今天的北京航空航天大学,汽车研究部分于1980年组建清华汽车工程系。动力的研究最具有代表性,早期飞机和汽车动力都是内燃机,后来才走向不同的道路,汽车沿着内燃机技术方向前进,航空则因高速飞行的需求发展出涡轮发动机的技术。

现在航空动力继续分叉,追求高速的一支是与航天动力融合,形成以涡轮冲压为特点的空天动力。另一支低空、低速的即通用航空则又回头与汽车动力融合,朝电动化方向发展。汽车和通用飞机现在只是在发动机等零部件技术上是相通的,但往后发展,就会有整机产品把它们合二为一,这就是飞行汽车。

各种各样飞行汽车

English version

Cars and aviation were originally studied together. For example, in the 1930s, Tsinghua University’s aircraft and automobile research was a research group, in which the aircraft research department separately established the Tsinghua Aviation Department during the Southwestern United University, and the adjustment of the institutions in 1952 and others. A number of college aviation departments have formed the Beijing Aviation Academy, today's Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, and the automotive research department established the Tsinghua Automotive Engineering Department in 1980. The study of power is the most representative. Early aircraft and automobile power were internal combustion engines. Later, they went to different roads. The cars followed the direction of internal combustion engine technology, and aviation developed the technology of turbine engines due to the demand for high-speed flight.

Now that aviation power continues to fork, the pursuit of high-speed is to integrate with aerospace power to form an aerospace power characterized by turbo stamping. Another low-altitude, low-speed general-purpose aviation is turning back to the power of the car and moving toward electrification. Automobiles and general-purpose aircraft are now only connected in terms of engine and other components, but in the future, there will be a whole product that combines them into one. This is the flying car.

(文编译:飞行汽车 www.flycar.com.cn)

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