空中的交通规则叫飞行规则

2019-04-15 00:24

空中的交通规则叫飞行规则,是借鉴地面交通规则的经验制定的。它的核心目的是要保障机上人员和飞经区域的地面群众的人身和财产安全。飞行规则分为通用飞行规则、目视飞行规则和仪表飞行规则三个部分,通用飞行规则是各类飞机共同遵守的基本规则,它的主要要求是:非经特殊允许,飞机不能在居民密集区域上空飞行,不能从机上向下抛任何物体。为了防止相撞,规定飞机在相对飞行相遇时,各自向右转躲避对方;在同向飞行时,如果要超越前方的飞机,后面的飞机要改变高度或从右侧超越。
航向不同的飞机在空中交汇时,左方的飞机要为右面的飞机让路。空中的“交通警察”——空中交通管制员不像在陆地上执勤的警察可以在十字路口等地面对面地指挥汽车司机,他们靠飞机报告的所在位置和控制飞行的时间间隔来指挥飞机。因此在通用飞行规则中,要求在航线上飞行的飞机事先要提供飞行计划,被批准后,飞机才能被放行。在飞行时要得到管制员的许可,而且在规定的报告点向管制员报告飞经的时间、飞行高度等。由于对时间的控制是空中交通管制的基础,所以空中交通体系包括飞机和管制塔台都统一使用协调世界时,以保证空中交通管理的精确度。

飞行汽车飞行规则

English version

Air traffic rules are called flight rules and are based on experience with ground traffic rules. Its core purpose is to ensure the personal and property safety of the people on board and the ground people in the flight area. The flight rules are divided into three parts: general flight rules, visual flight rules and instrument flight rules. The general flight rules are the basic rules for all types of aircraft to comply with. The main requirement is that the aircraft cannot be in densely populated areas without special permission. Flying above, you can't throw anything down from the plane. In order to prevent collisions, it is stipulated that when the aircraft meets in relative flight, they turn to the right to avoid each other; in the same direction, if they want to overtake the aircraft in front, the latter aircraft must change altitude or pass from the right side.
When the different planes meet in the air, the left plane will make way for the right plane. Air Traffic Police - Air traffic controllers are not like police officers on land who can command car drivers across the road at intersections, and they command aircraft by the location of the aircraft report and the time interval between flight control. Therefore, in the general flight rules, the aircraft required to fly on the route is required to provide a flight plan in advance, and the aircraft can be released after being approved. It is necessary to obtain the permission of the controller during flight, and report the time of flight, flight altitude, etc. to the controller at the specified reporting point. Since the control of time is the basis of air traffic control, the air traffic system, including aircraft and control towers, uses the Coordinated Universal Time to ensure the accuracy of air traffic management.

(文编译:飞行汽车 www.flycar.com.cn)

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违法和不良信息举报:jubao@flycar.com.cn