10年前概念飞行汽车落地 如今只能短途旅行

2019-12-07 10:00

今日实际意义上的飞行汽车,早就在2009年就问世了。

现阶段环节来讲,飞行汽车只有适用短途旅游。

成本费太高阻拦了现阶段飞行汽车大规模营销推广和普及化。

作家布莱希特说,旧事情一直以新生事物的外貌出現。这话非常合适做下边这则新闻报道的注脚:

概念飞行汽车

12月3日:全球首辆即能地面安全驾驶又能上空航空的“飞行汽车”现身。

该辆飞行汽车,是西班牙的PAL-V汽车集团研发的,它出現在迈阿密航展上。与之有关的一则消息是,不久前,迈阿密一家房地产商公布,方案将派拉蒙迈阿密世界中心的天文台,更新改造成飞行汽车海港,以供将来的飞行汽车起落。该方案的责任人说,设计灵感来自1962年的卡通片《杰森一家》。

又一次,将来好像措不及防地就来临了。

当你还要讨论自动驾驶、纯电动车时,有的人已准备我们一起把小车调到天空来到。一份有关空中交通的市场调研显示信息:上空的士每日若为美国约8万多名旅客出示服务项目,飞机场容积达到4000架。在经营的最开始两年中,该销售市场的年使用价值预估约为25亿美金。

听起來很漂亮。那麼,飞行汽车,离人们究竟有多远?

这并不是飞行汽车第一次出現在科技新闻的版块里。

亨利·福特汽车在1935年就預言过这件事情,他告知顾客:

飞机场与小车融合的物质还要来啦,大家将会会笑,但它一定要来。

今日实际意义上的飞行汽车,则出現在2009年。当初,英国特拉弗吉亚企业就公布,产品研发出了全球首辆飞行汽车:飞越(Transition)。在那时候的试飞中,此车满油油后,一次可航空500千米,着陆后按一下按键,就能将飞机翼伸缩,驶上高速路。

仅隔一年,由5名麻省理工大学学员创立的Terrafugia企业,即公布已经生产制造陆空双用变形车,并获得了美国航空主管机构的什么是商业生产许可证。

这个企业引燃了李书福的“飞天梦”。2017年,它被好意头国有独资回收。回收当初,李书福放话,将在2019年发布第一款飞行汽车——来看热衷于“核动力汽车”的人,常有拖延症。

2017年,腾迅也项目投资了法国飞行汽车企业Lilium。

一样想让人类驾车老天爷的,也有Uber。这个交通出行企业曾公布,在2020年刚开始开展飞行汽车的检测,并在2023年将飞行汽车服务项目资金投入商业。因此,它专业创立了一个航空公司单位。

更新改造将来的工作,当然也免不了Google。先前,Google创始人拉里·佩琦,跑来到英国开发设计飞行出租车。另外,他还项目投资了Kitty Hawk企业,它是一家坐落于美国德州的飞行汽车企业。

全世界的初创公司,对这一行业也寄托了希望。在非洲、法国、荷兰、瑞典、西班牙、乌克兰、日本国,均出現了这一跑道的初创公司。在我国,一家名叫亿航的企业,也在试着将她们的无人机技术,运用到载客无人驾驶四轴飞行器上。

现阶段,全世界有许多于70家企业已经设计方案、生产制造和检测飞行汽车。在其中,最具整体实力的還是知名的飞机场和汽车企业,如空客、空客、戴姆勒、奥迪车等企业。

这一行业还得到了国防部的亲睐。

2016年,美国陆军曾一度试着用改裝过的飞行汽车,运送特战部队。之后,英国国防部变化了构思,将其精准定位为新时期的航空越野车,并在2019年刚开始了新的试着。

这类远比直升飞机清静的上空代步工具,将会会在将来的某一天,出現在竞技场上。

英文版

English version

Today's practical flying cars have been around since 2009.

At this stage, flying cars are only suitable for short-distance travel.

The cost is too high to prevent large-scale marketing and popularization of flying cars at this stage.

Writer Brecht said that old things have always appeared as new things. This statement is very suitable for the footnote of this news report:

December 3: The world's first "flying car" that can safely drive on the ground and fly above the air appears.

The flying car was developed by Spain's PAL-V Auto Group and it appeared at the Miami Air Show. A related news is that not long ago, a real estate developer in Miami announced that the plan would update the Paramount Miami World Center's observatory to a flying car harbor for future flying cars. The owner of the program said that the design was inspired by the 1962 cartoon Jason Family.

Again, it seemed that the future would come unprepared.

When you also talk about autonomous driving and pure electric vehicles, some people have prepared us to bring the car to the sky together. A market survey on air traffic revealed that if the taxis above show service items to about 80,000 passengers in the United States every day, the airport capacity will reach 4,000. In the first two years of operation, the annual use value of this sales market is estimated at approximately $ 2.5 billion.

That sounds pretty. So, how far are flying cars from people?

This is not the first time a flying car has appeared in a tech news section.

Henry Ford had predicted this in 1935, and he told customers:

The fusion of airport and car is coming, everyone will laugh, but it must come.

Flying cars in today's actual sense appeared in 2009. At that time, the British company Trafalgar announced that the product had developed the world's first flying car: Transition. During the test flight at that time, after the car was full of fuel, it could fly 500 kilometers at a time. After landing, you can extend and retract the wing of the airplane and drive on the highway.

Just one year later, the Terrafugia enterprise, founded by five MIT students, announced that it has produced land-air dual-use deformation vehicles and obtained a commercial production license from the American Aviation Authority.

This enterprise ignited Li Shufu's "flying dream". In 2017, it was recovered by the state-owned sole proprietorship. At the time of the recovery, Li Shufu said that he would release the first flying car in 2019-people who are keen on "nuclear-powered cars" often have procrastination.

In 2017, Tengxun also invested in French flying car company Lilium.

There is also Uber who wants to let humans drive. The transportation company has announced that it will just begin the inspection of flying cars in 2020, and put the funds for flying car service projects into commerce in 2023. Therefore, it specialized in creating an airline unit.

Updating and reworking future work, of course, will inevitably Google. Previously, Google founder Larry Page, came to the United Kingdom to develop and design flying taxis. In addition, he has also invested in Kitty Hawk, a flying car company based in Texas, USA.

Startups around the world have pinned their hopes on this industry. Startups on this runway have appeared in Africa, France, the Netherlands, Sweden, Spain, Ukraine, and Japan. In China, a company named EHang is also trying to apply their drone technology to passenger unmanned quadcopters.

At this stage, there are many more than 70 companies worldwide who have designed, manufactured and tested flying cars. Among them, the most overall strength is well-known airport and automobile companies, such as Airbus, Airbus, Daimler, Audi and other companies.

This industry has also been favored by the Ministry of Defense.

In 2016, the U.S. Army once tried to transport special operations troops with modified flying cars. After that, the British Ministry of Defence changed its concept, positioning it precisely as a new era of off-road vehicles, and just started a new trial in 2019.

These types of aerial mobility tools, which are much quieter than helicopters, will appear in the arena someday in the future.

(图/文编译:飞行汽车 http://www.flycar.com.cn/)

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